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Sensor design and mission planning for satellite ocean color measurements requires careful consideration of the signal dynamic range and sensitivity (specifically here signal-to-noise ratio or SNR) so that small changes of ocean properties (e.g., surface chlorophyll-a concentrations or Chl) can be quantified while most measurements are not saturated. Past(More)
Ever since its planning in the 1990s, the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) caused endless debate in China on its potential impacts on the environment and humans. However, to date, synoptic assessment of environmental changes and their potential linkage with the TGD is still lacking. Here, we combine remote sensing, meteorological, and hydrological observations to(More)
Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells participate in cementum formation through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Previous studies have shown that transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) are involved in inducing EMT. However, their involvement in HERS cell transition remains elusive. In this study, we(More)
Trauma or degenerative diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) cause the loss of neurons or glial cells. Stem cell transplantation has become a vital strategy for CNS regeneration. It is necessary to effectively induce nonneurogenic stem cells to differentiate into neurogenic cell lineages because of the limited source of neurogenic stem cells,(More)
Harmful algal blooms depend on several factors linked to climate and catchment conditions. Blooms can show significant daily, monthly, seasonal, inter-annual variability as well as horizontal variation in a lake. In the present study, we use satellite data to explore the sensitivity of different sections of a large eutrophic lake (Lake Taihu) to climate and(More)
Syndecan-4 (SDC4), a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan, acts as a signal transducer. It affects the growth and differentiation of a number of tissues and organs. However, the specific mechanisms through which SDC4 regulates the differentiation of dental epithelial cells (amelogenesis) and tooth development remains largely unknown. In the present(More)
B-cell biology has been largely uncharacterized in the field of tuberculosis (TB). In this study, we investigated the immunophenotypical and functional characteristics of B cells obtained from the pleural fluid (PF) and peripheral blood of patients with tuberculous pleuritis (TP). Our results indicated that the total numbers of B cells, CD27(+) memory B(More)
The transcription factor Nfic is a key regulator during tooth development. Nfic deficient mice exhibit short and abnormal molar roots and severely deformed incisors. Dental epithelial cells, known as Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath (HERS), participate in root formation. However, whether Nfic is involved in HERS–mesenchyme interaction remains unclear. In(More)
Cryopreservation has been identified as an efficient approach to preserve tissue engineered products for a long term. Our prior studies have suggested that the treated dentin matrix (TDM) could be an ideal bioactive scaffold for dental tissue regeneration. In this study, we hypothesize that the cryopreservation could effectively maintain the survival and(More)
In tissue engineering, scaffold materials provide effective structural support to promote the repair of damaged tissues or organs through simulating the extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironments for stem cells. This study hypothesized that simulating the ECM microenvironments of periodontium and dental pulp/dentin complexes would contribute to the(More)