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The brain is highly efficient in how it processes information and tolerates faults. Arguably, the basic processing units are neurons and synapses that are interconnected in a complex pattern. Computer scientists and engineers aim to harness this efficiency and build artificial neural systems that can emulate the key information processing principles of the(More)
In recent years research suggests that astrocyte networks, in addition to nutrient and waste processing functions, regulate both structural and synaptic plasticity. To understand the biological mechanisms that underpin such plasticity requires the development of cell level models that capture the mutual interaction between astrocytes and neurons. This paper(More)
This paper presents a synaptic weight association training (SWAT) algorithm for spiking neural networks (SNNs). SWAT merges the Bienenstock-Cooper-Munro (BCM) learning rule with spike timing dependent plasticity (STDP). The STDP/BCM rule yields a unimodal weight distribution where the height of the plasticity window associated with STDP is modulated causing(More)
This paper presents a Spiking Neural Network (SNN) architecture for mobile robot navigation. The SNN contains 4 layers where dynamic synapses route information to the appropriate neurons in each layer and the neurons are modeled using the Leaky Integrate and Fire (LIF) model. The SNN learns by self-organizing its connectivity as new environmental conditions(More)
This paper proposes a supervised training algorithm for Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) which modifies the Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP)learning rule to support both local and network level training with multiple synaptic connections and axonal delays. The training algorithm applies the rule to two and three layer SNNs, and is benchmarked using(More)
Recommended by Michael Huebner FPGA devices have emerged as a popular platform for the rapid prototyping of biological Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) applications, offering the key requirement of reconfigurability. However, FPGAs do not efficiently realise the biologically plausible neuron and synaptic models of SNNs, and current FPGA routing structures(More)
In this paper we demonstrate that retrograde signaling via astrocytes may underpin self-repair in the brain. Faults manifest themselves in silent or near silent neurons caused by low transmission probability (PR) synapses; the enhancement of the transmission PR of a healthy neighboring synapse by retrograde signaling can enhance the transmission PR of the(More)