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BACKGROUND Postprocedural myocardial infarction (type 4a) has been shown to be an adverse prognostic indicator after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The Cardiac Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Coronary Stenting (CRISP Stent) study demonstrated that remote ischemic preconditioning reduced procedural symptoms, ECG ST-segment deviation,(More)
BACKGROUND The incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1, promotes myocardial glucose uptake and may improve myocardial tolerance to ischemia. Endogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) is augmented by pharmacological inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4. We investigated whether chronic dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibition by sitagliptin protected against(More)
Coronary heart disease and type-2 diabetes are both major global health burdens associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Following MI, ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains a significant contributor to myocardial injury at the cellular level. Research has focussed on identifying a strategy or intervention to minimise IRI to(More)
BACKGROUND Enhancement of myocardial glucose uptake may reduce fatty acid oxidation and improve tolerance to ischemia. Hyperglycemia, in association with hyperinsulinemia, stimulates this metabolic change but may have deleterious effects on left ventricular (LV) function. The incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), also has favorable(More)
We assessed whether interventional complexity in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) predicted long-term outcome. Consecutive patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI underwent SYNTAX scoring, based on angiographic images obtained at coronary intervention.(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate the postdeployment expansion and malapposition characteristics of the bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) in real-world practice. BACKGROUND The material construct of the BVS precludes overexpansion, with consequent potential for scaffold underexpansion and malapposition. In metallic stents, these features are(More)
AIMS Randomised trials have shown that direct stenting (DS) is associated with improved markers of reperfusion during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, data evaluating its impact on long-term clinical outcomes are lacking. We set out to evaluate the effect of DS on mortality in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Utilising a novel study design, we evaluated serial measurements of the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to assess the impact of device therapy on microvascular function, and determine what proportion of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether pre-treatment with intravenous glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)(7-36) amide could alter myocardial glucose use and protect the heart against ischemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction during percutaneous coronary intervention. BACKGROUND GLP-1 has been shown to have favorable cardioprotective effects, but(More)