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Respiratory rates and patterns were studied in 23 patients with acute brain stem infarction using impedance pneumography. Autopsy was obtained in six of eight fatal cases. Pontine lesions were present in all patients, with coexistent infarction of midbrain in four and of medulla in nine. Respiratory rate and pattern abnormalities observed included(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities were correlated with pathological diagnoses in 61 patients with autopsy-verified intracerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction. Lumbar punctures were performed within one week of onset of symptoms. The CSF color and red blood cell counts were the most useful CSF parameters in differentiating between intracerebral(More)
To determine the effect of inhaled carbon dioxide on acute ischemic cerebral injury, we have compared occipital visual evoked responses (VER) at baseline and during hypercapnia in 20 patients with acute unilateral cerebral infarction (ten with and ten without homonymous hemianopsia) and in ten normal controls. Visual evoked responses were judged on the(More)
Ventilatory and heart-rate responses to hypercapnia were evaluated by a CO2 rebreathing technique in 56 patients with acute ischemic stroke and 14 normal controls. Both ventilatory and heart-rate responses were increased in patients with hemispheral lesions, but not in patients with brainstem lesions. In patients with hemispheral infarct, there was a(More)
The human foot provides an ideal environment for the colonization and growth of bacteria and subsequently is a body site associated with the liberation of odour. This study aimed to enumerate and spatially map bacterial populations' resident across the foot to understand any association with odour production. Culture-based analysis confirmed that(More)
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