Liam M Heaney

Learn More
BACKGROUND Risk stratification in acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a clinical challenge. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-derived metabolite, was investigated for its ability to assist in risk stratification for acute MI hospitalizations. METHODS TMAO was analyzed in 1079 acute MI patients. Associations with adverse outcome of all-cause(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-derived metabolite, has reported association with mortality risk in chronic HF but this association in AHF is still unknown. The present study investigated TMAO in patients admitted to hospital with AHF, and association of circulating(More)
Metabolomics incorporates the study of metabolites that are produced and released through physiological processes at both the systemic and cellular levels. Biological compounds at the metabolite level are of paramount interest in the sport and exercise sciences, although research in this field has rarely been referred to with the global 'omics terminology.(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities were correlated with pathological diagnoses in 61 patients with autopsy-verified intracerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction. Lumbar punctures were performed within one week of onset of symptoms. The CSF color and red blood cell counts were the most useful CSF parameters in differentiating between intracerebral(More)
To determine the effect of inhaled carbon dioxide on acute ischemic cerebral injury, we have compared occipital visual evoked responses (VER) at baseline and during hypercapnia in 20 patients with acute unilateral cerebral infarction (ten with and ten without homonymous hemianopsia) and in ten normal controls. Visual evoked responses were judged on the(More)
Respiratory rates and patterns were studied in 23 patients with acute brain stem infarction using impedance pneumography. Autopsy was obtained in six of eight fatal cases. Pontine lesions were present in all patients, with coexistent infarction of midbrain in four and of medulla in nine. Respiratory rate and pattern abnormalities observed included(More)
Acute cardiothoracic and respiratory diseases frequently remain a challenge to diagnose and differentiate in the emergency setting. The main diseases that manifest with chest pain include ischaemic heart disease, myocarditis, acute pericarditis, aortic dissection/rupture and pulmonary embolism (PE). Diseases that primarily present with dyspnoea include(More)
AIM Breath analyses have potential to detect early signs of disease onset. Ambient ionization allows direct combination of breath gases with MS for fast, on-line analysis. Portable MS systems would facilitate field/clinic-based breath analyses. Results & methodology: Volunteers ingested peppermint oil capsules and exhaled volatile compounds were monitored(More)
BACKGROUND B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) molecular forms 5-32, 4-32, and 3-32 are known to be present in the circulation of heart failure (HF) patients. This study investigated the prognostic role of circulating BNP molecular forms on risk prediction for patients with acute HF. METHODS BNP molecular forms were measured in plasma using an immunocapture(More)
Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) has attracted interest as circulating levels have reported prognostic value in patients with cardiovascular conditions, such as heart failure. With continual advances in accurate mass measurements, robust methods that can employ the capabilities of time of flight mass spectrometers would offer additional utility in the analysis(More)