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Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a DNA mimic that has shown considerable promise as a lead compound for developing gene therapeutic drugs. We report that PNAs targeted to functional and accessible sites in ribosomal RNA can inhibit translation in an Escherichia coli cell-free transcription/translation system, with 50% reductions caused by nanomolar PNA(More)
Reliable methods for conditional gene silencing in bacteria have been elusive. To improve silencing by expressed antisense RNAs (asRNAs), we systematically altered several design parameters and targeted multiple reporter and essential genes in Escherichia coli. A paired termini (PT) design, where flanking inverted repeats create paired dsRNA termini, proved(More)
Insufficient efficacy and/or specificity of antisense oligonucleotides limit their in vivo usefulness. We demonstrate here that a high-affinity DNA analog, locked nucleic acid (LNA), confers several desired properties to antisense agents. Unlike DNA, LNA/DNA copolymers were not degraded readily in blood serum and cell extracts. However, like DNA, the(More)
Antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) can specifically inhibit Escherichia coli gene expression and growth and hold promise as anti-infective agents and as tools for microbial functional genomics. Here we demonstrate that chemical modification improves the potency of standard PNAs. We show that 9- to 12-mer PNAs, especially when attached to the cell(More)
Gene function studies in bacteria lag behind progress in genome sequencing, in part because current reverse genetics technology based on genome disruption does not allow subtle control of gene expression for all genes in a range of species. Essential genes and clustered regions are particularly problematic. Antisense technology offers an attractive(More)
BACKGROUND Berberine is a plant alkaloid that is widely used as an anti-infective in traditional medicine. Escherichia coli exposed to berberine form filaments, suggesting an antibacterial mechanism that involves inhibition of cell division. Berberine is a DNA ligand and may induce filamentation through induction of the SOS response. Also, there is(More)
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a DNA mimic with attractive properties for developing improved gene-targeted antisense agents. To test this potential of PNA in bacteria, PNAs were designed to target the start codon regions of the Escherichia coli β-galactosidase and β-lactamase genes. Dose-dependent and specific gene inhibition was observed in vitro using low(More)
Mutations in the PTEN induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) are implicated in early-onset Parkinson's disease. PINK1 is expressed abundantly in mitochondria rich tissues, such as skeletal muscle, where it plays a critical role determining mitochondrial structural integrity in Drosophila. Herein we characterize a novel splice variant of PINK1 (svPINK1) that is(More)
Antisense agents that inhibit genes at the mRNA level are attractive tools for genome-wide studies and drug target validation. The approach may be particularly well suited to studies of bacteria that are difficult to manipulate with standard genetic tools. Antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNA) with attached carrier peptides can inhibit gene expression in(More)
Eukaryotic rRNAs are produced by cleavage of a large 35 to 45 S pre-rRNA transcript which initially must be fully transcribed and assembled into an 80 to 90 S nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particle. Despite this need for a completed transcript, several investigations have reported a split processing scheme for independent maturation of the large and small(More)