Liam A Devane

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The colonic mucus gel layer (MGL) is a critical component of the innate immune system acting as a physical barrier to microbes, luminal insults, and toxins. Mucins are the major component of the MGL. Selected microbes have the potential to interact with, bind to, and metabolize mucins. The tolerance of the host to the presence of these microbes is critical(More)
BACKGROUND Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a treatment option for intractable fecal incontinence. The mechanism of action is unclear, however, increasing evidence for afferent somatosensory effects exists. This study's aim was to elucidate effects of acute SNM on the cerebral cortex in a rodent model of pudendal nerve injury. METHODS The effects of 14 Hz(More)
PURPOSE Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and studies which have led to the current understanding and treatment of a disease of interest. In this original article we analyze the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS The Thomson Reuters Web of Science database with the search terms(More)
INTRODUCTION Although sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an established treatment for faecal incontinence, stimulation parameters have been derived empirically and only one frequency (14 Hz) is employed clinically. The aim of this study was to test a range of stimulation frequencies to establish an optimal frequency of SNM for maximum augmentation of anal(More)
Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) was originally developed in the field of urinary incontinence. Without adaptation, it was subsequently applied to treat faecal incontinence. SNS has now become a first line therapy for this socially disabling condition, however the mechanism of action is unknown. This review examines the evidence for stimulation parameters(More)
AIM The aim was to develop a behavioural animal model of faecal continence and assess the effect of retro-uterine balloon inflation (RBI) injury. RBI in the rat causes pudendal neuropathy, a risk factor for obstetric related faecal incontinence in humans. METHOD Video-tracking of healthy rats (n = 12) in a cage containing a latrine box was used to monitor(More)
AIM Meta-analysis has shown that mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) does not improve outcomes in colonic surgery however there is uncertainty regarding MBP use in laparoscopic and rectal surgery and the addition of oral antibiotic regimens. The aim of this study was to assess current use of bowel preparation among European surgeons. METHOD An online(More)
BACKGROUND Sacral nerve stimulation has become a first line treatment for fecal incontinence, however, its effect on the motor function of the anorectum is uncertain. The aim of this study was to apply acute lumbosacral nerve stimulation in an animal model and to determine its effect on the external and internal anal sphincter forces, the rectoanal(More)
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