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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been investigated as promising candidates for use in new cell-based therapeutic strategies such as mesenchyme-derived tissue repair. MSCs are easily isolated from adult tissues and are not ethically restricted. MSC-related literature, however, is conflicting in relation to MSC differentiation potential and molecular(More)
Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of several types of malignancy by mechanisms that remain to be elucidated. Most of the ingested ethanol is converted to acetaldehyde but the formation of free radical metabolites such as the 1-hydroxyethyl radical has been also demonstrated to occur in vitro and in vivo. Here we tested the possibility(More)
Malignant melanoma is one of the most lethal cancers. Nowadays, several anti-melanoma therapies have been employed. However, the poor prognosis and/or the increased toxicity of those treatments clearly demonstrate the requirement of searching for new drugs or novel combined chemotherapeutic protocols, contemplating both effectiveness and low toxicity.(More)
The reduced availability of nitric oxide (NO) is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, NO donors such as organic nitrates are useful for the treatment of these disorders. The 2-nitrate-1,3-dibuthoxypropan (NDBP) is an organic nitrate synthesized from glycerin, which the pharmacological effects have not been investigated. In this study we(More)
Rnd proteins comprise a branch of the Rho family of small GTP-binding proteins, which have been implicated in rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton and microtubule dynamics. Particularly in the nervous system, Rnd family proteins regulate neurite formation, dendrite development and axonal branching. A secreted form of the co-chaperone Stress-Inducible(More)
Here, we examined the impact of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and monomethyl mercury (MeHg) on the redox milieu and survival of hepatocytes from Hoplias malabaricus (traíra). After isolation and attachment of cells, we established one control and four treatments: DDT (50nM of DDT), MeHg I (0.25microM of MeHg), MeHg II (2.5microM of MeHg) and DDT *(More)
Chemokines and adhesion molecules are involved in early events of atherogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the uremic milieu on the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-8 (IL-8), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and their(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Oxidative stress has been considered a nontraditional risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population, possibly triggered by uremic toxicity. METHODS A chromatographic method with coulometric detection was adapted to directly and simultaneously determine cysteine (Cys) and cystine (Cyss) in plasma(More)
Acetaldehyde oxidation by enzymes and cellular fractions has been previously shown to produce radicals that have been characterized as superoxide anion, hydroxyl, and acetyl radicals. Here, we report that acetaldehyde metabolism by xanthine oxidase, submitochondrial particles and whole rats produces both the acetyl and the methyl radical, although only the(More)
BACKGROUND Mature carotid plaques are complex structures, and their histological classification is challenging. The carotid plaques of asymptomatic and symptomatic patients could exhibit identical histological components. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) have(More)