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Bone tissue forms and is remodeled in response to the mechanical forces that it experiences, a phenomenon described by Wolff's Law. Mechanically induced formation and adaptation of bone tissue is mediated by bone cells that sense and respond to local mechanical cues. In this review, the forces experienced by bone cells, the mechanotransduction pathways(More)
This paper presents a microfluidic system for cell type classification using mechanical and electrical measurements on single cells. Cells are aspirated continuously through a constriction channel with cell elongations and impedance profiles measured simultaneously. The cell transit time through the constriction channel and the impedance amplitude ratio are(More)
Bone has the ability to adjust its structure to meet its mechanical environment. The prevailing view of bone mechanobiology is that osteocytes are responsible for detecting and responding to mechanical loading and initiating the bone adaptation process. However, how osteocytes signal effector cells and initiate bone turnover is not well understood. Recent(More)
Many microfabricated devices have been developed to quantify cellular response to a multitude of stimuli at a single-cell level in a high throughput manner. These single-cell studies require cells to be individually positioned at defined locations on a microdevice. This paper presents a micromanipulation system for automated pick-place of single cells.(More)
Manipulation of micrometer to millimeter-scale objects is central to biotechnological and medical applications involving small-scale robotic devices. Mobile untethered microgrippers have been developed, which use magnetic fields for motion and activation of grasping. This letter extends the capabilities of such microgrippers by presenting the first example(More)
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