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A rapid liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of six cytochrome P450 (CYP) probe substrate metabolites including paracetamol (PAR) for CYP1A2, 4-hydroxytolbutamide (OHTOL) for CYP2C9, 5-hydroxyomeprazole (OHOMe) for CYP2C19, dextrorphan (DEXM) for CYP2D6, 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone (OHCHL) for(More)
The pregnane X receptor (PXR/NR1I2) gene is a critical transcriptional regulator of a number of important drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters. This study was undertaken to determine the frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes and to detect yet unknown SNPs in the NR1I2 gene in 210 unrelated healthy Han Chinese in(More)
A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method to determine levonorgestrel in human plasma was developed and fully validated. After hexane-ethyl acetate (70:30, v/v) induced extraction from the plasma samples, levonorgestrel was subjected to LC/MS/MS analysis using electro-spray ionization. The MS system was operated(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Genetic polymorphisms of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 are known to influence warfarin dosage. * Recent studies among Caucasians showed that polymorphisms of CYP4F2 also play a role in warfarin pharmacogenetics. * The contribution of CYP4F2 variants to the variability inwarfarin dose requirement in Chinese subjects remains to(More)
Ginkgo biloba is one of the most popular herbal medicines in the world, due to its purported pharmacological effects, including memory-enhancing, cognition-improving, and antiplatelet effects. When used in the elderly, Ginkgo has a high potential for interactions with cardiovascular drugs. This study aimed to investigate the effects of the standard Ginkgo(More)
BACKGROUND Thiopurine drugs are widely used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The polymorphic enzyme thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is of importance for thiopurine metabolism and adverse events occurrence. The role of other thiopurine-metabolizing enzymes is less well known. This study investigated the effects of TPMT and(More)
The pregnane X receptor (PXR/NR1I2) gene is a master regulator for a number of cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and drug transporters. This study aimed to detect the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PXR gene in Han Chinese (n = 186) and to compare the frequencies of polymorphisms of the PXR gene with those in Caucasian and African Americans reported in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential influence of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) on the induction of myelotoxicity during thiopurine therapy in inflammatory bowel disease patients. METHODS (a) The retrospective study included inflammatory bowel disease patients treated with azathioprine (AZA)/6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT)(More)
Ginkgo biloba is one of the most popular herbal medicines in the world, due to its purported pharmacological effects, including memory-enhancing, cognition-improving, and antiplatelet effects. The study aimed to investigate the activity and expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A in human and rat primary hepatocytes treated with standardized G. biloba(More)
A liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method was developed and validated for determining tanshinone IIA in rat tissues. After a single step liquid-liquid extraction with diethyl ether, tanshinone IIA and loratadine (internal standard) was subjected to LC/MS/MS analysis using positive electro-spray ionization under selected reaction(More)