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OBJECTIVE To examine the extent to which adolescents are exposed to various types of violence as either victims or witnesses, and the association of such exposure with trauma symptoms; specifically, the hypotheses that exposure to violence will have a positive and significant association with depression, anger, anxiety, dissociation, posttraumatic stress,(More)
This study uses a stress-coping-support framework to examine the predictors of caregiver burden with a sample of 103 lower social class family caregivers of persons with chronic mental illness. Results of multiple regression analyses show that the greater the frequency of client behavioral symptoms and the lower the amount of perceived support from family(More)
This study examined the predictors of depressive symptomatology among caregivers of persons with chronic mental illness. Data were collected through in-person interviews with family caregivers of 103 adults with chronic mental illness who were served by mental health case management agencies. The results indicated that insufficiency of overall social(More)
Two hundred and one randomly selected female inmates incarcerated at a municipal jail were interviewed to establish the needs of this population and to formulate appropriate rehabilitative interventions. Measures of social support for this sample were uniformly low. Scores on the Global Severity Index of the Brief Symptom Inventory showed that 64 percent of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the degree to which violence exposure and symptoms of psychological trauma are related to adolescents' own violent behaviors. DESIGN AND SETTING Anonymous self-report questionnaire administered to students in 6 public high schools (grades 9-12). PARTICIPANTS Sixty-eight percent of the students attending the participating schools(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate neonatal sequelae of maternal cocaine use during pregnancy. METHODS One hundred women positive for cocaine use during pregnancy were compared with 100 matched controls who did not use cocaine. Maternal characteristics and infant neonatal outcomes were compared. We used t tests, chi 2, and multiple regression analyses to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND In Taiwan, to strengthen the psychiatric rehabilitation system has been one of the primary goals of the Department of Health since 1985. Unfortunately, this endeavor has not been successful and it is believed that one of the barriers is social stigma towards the mentally ill. However, to date no national survey has been conducted for Chinese(More)
This study examined the facilitators and barriers to support group participation among lower socioeconomic status African-American and Caucasian caregivers of persons with chronic mental illness. Data were collected through in-person interviews with family caregivers of 198 adults with chronic mental illness. The results indicated that a substantial numbers(More)
OBJECTIVE Family caregivers' relationships with mental health professionals who provided care for their mentally ill relative were examined to identify changes in types of contacts and levels of satisfaction over time and differences among caregiver groups. METHODS White upper-middle-class members of a family support group surveyed by mail in 1991 to(More)
Compared 30 mothers whose children were hospitalized for failure-to-thrive (FTT) to a normative group on standardized measures of perceived stress and depression. Child and maternal medical and demographic data were also taken. Standardized development and feeding assessments were done. Descriptive statistics, correlational analyses, and t tests were used(More)