Learn More
1. The present study examined the role of the hippocampal histaminergic system in the regulation of spatial memory deficit in rats using the radial arm maze task after scopolamine injection into the bilateral dorsal (DH) or ventral (VH) hippocampus. 2. Bilateral injection of scopolamine (5 microg/site) into both the DH and VH impaired spatial memory in the(More)
Repeated daily treatment with the catecholamine-depleting agent, reserpine, dramatically reduced performance on the delayed response task, a test of spatial working memory that depends upon the integrity of the prefrontal cortex. Delayed response performance fell from an average of 27.2/30 trials correct before reserpine treatment to an average of 20.4/30(More)
AIM To investigate the role of histamine in memory deficits induced by MK-801 infusion into the ventral hippocampus in rats. METHODS An 8-arm radial maze (4 arms baited) was used to assess spatial memory. RESULTS Bilateral ventral intrahippocampal (ih) infusion of MK-801 (0.3 microg/site), an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist, impaired the(More)
Because of the structural and molecular similarities between the two systems, the lateral line, a fish and amphibian specific sensory organ, has been widely used in zebrafish as a model to study the development/biology of neuroepithelia of the inner ear. Both organs have hair cells, which are the mechanoreceptor cells, and supporting cells providing other(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of transient cerebral ischemia on brain mast cells in rats. The mast cells decreased significantly at 1 h, 2 h, 4 h and 7 days after ischemia. At 1 day following ischemia, the increase of the number of mast cells in the middle aspect of the thalamus (bregma -2.80 to -3.16 mm) was twice as that of other(More)
In the present study, the effects of endogenous histamine in the ventral hippocampus on fear memory deficits induced by scopolamine were investigated as evaluated by step-through avoidance response in adult male rats. Bilateral ventral hippocampal injection of scopolamine (i.h., 2, 5 microg/site) significantly produced depressant effects on the active(More)
Normal human mesothelial cells from individual donors were studied for susceptibility to asbestos-induction of apoptosis and generation of an extended lifespan population. Such populations were generated after death of the majority of cells and arose from a subset of mesothelial cultures (4/16) whereas fibroblastic cells (5/5) did not develop extended(More)
AIM To investigate whether histidine can enhance the anticonvulsant efficacy of carbamazepine (CBZ) and simultaneously improve the spatial memory impairment induced by transauricular kindled seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS Chronic transauricular kindling was induced by repeated application of initially subconvulsive electrical stimulation through(More)
In the last decade, high-throughput chemical screening has become the dominant approach for discovering novel compounds with therapeutic properties. Automated screening using in vitro or cultured cell assays have yielded thousands of candidate drugs for a variety of biological targets, but these approaches have not resulted in an increase in drug discovery(More)
After injury, zebrafish can restore many tissues that do not regenerate well in mammals, making it a useful vertebrate model for studying regenerative biology. We performed a systematic screen to identify genes essential for hair cell regeneration in zebrafish, and found that the heat shock protein Hspd1 (Hsp60) has a critical role in the regeneration of(More)