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More than 70% of decidual lymphocytes are NK cells characterized by CD56(bright)CD16(-) phenotype, but the mechanisms by which these NK cells are recruited in the decidua are still almost unrevealed. In this study, we first analyzed the transcription of 18 chemokine receptors in the first-trimester decidual CD56(bright)CD16(-) NK cells. Among these(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) is an intracellular enzyme that catalyses essential amino acid tryptophan along the kynurenine pathway. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of IDO1 expression on the biological characteristic of the endometrial stromal cells (ESCs). IDO1, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in(More)
Intervention in B7 (CD80/CD86)/B7-ligand (CD28/CTLA-4) pathways is an effective way of preventing unwanted immune responses, such as allograft rejection. Pregnancy maintenance represents maternal tolerance to the fetal allograft, which is accompanied by a type 2 helper cell (Th2) bias at the maternal-fetal interface. Here, the costimulatory signal of CD86(More)
The nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse is a good model for human type 1 diabetes, which is characterized by autoreactive T-cell-mediated destruction of insulin-producing islet beta-cells of the pancreas. The 9-23 amino acid region of the insulin B-chain [B((9-23))] is an immunodominant T-cell target antigen in the NOD mouse that plays a critical role in the(More)
Evidence for an immunosuppressive function of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has been accumulating. However, the unusual distribution of IDO1 in gynecologic cancer cells suggests that modulating immunity may not its only function. To clarify the physiological importance of IDO1 in endometriosis, a tumor-like benign disease, we have investigated the(More)
The functions of decidual γδT cells in early human pregnancy are not fully understood. The present study was undertaken to characterize the action of decidual γδT cells, and analyze their regulatory roles in proliferation and invasion of trophoblasts in early human pregnancy. It was revealed that decidual γδT cells were a CD4(-) and CD8(-) subset whose(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA molecules of about 22 nucleotides that involved in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Evidence indicates that miRNAs play essential roles in endometriosis, pre-eclampsia, infertility and other reproductive system diseases. However, whether miRNAs are involved in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is unclear. In(More)
A pregnancy is associated with modifications in the immune status of the mother, but the mechanisms are not well understood. Several observations have indicated that CD28/CTLA-4 and B7-1/B7-2 are involved in the maternal-fetal immune regulation. This review aims to recapitulate our current knowledge concerning the role of CD28/CTLA-4 and B7-1/B7-2 in(More)
Trophoblasts play a crucial role in embryo implantation and maintenance of normal pregnancy. Recently, oxidative stress has been considered as one important factor in the pathogenesis of spontaneous abortion and preeclampsia. Many studies have reported that the plasma levels of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are significantly increased in women with preeclampsia,(More)
Insect gut microbes have been considered as a resource for bioactive metabolites. The aim of this study was to characterize the compounds of a fungus Aspergillus terreus QT122 associated with the gut of dragonfly. Five main phytotoxic, antifungal, and immunosuppressive substances were isolated from the fungus QT122. The structures of such compounds were(More)