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Aberrant energy metabolism is one characteristic of diabetes mellitus (DM). Two types of DM have been identified, type 1 and type 2. Most of type 2 DM patients eventually become insulin dependent because insulin secretion by the islets of Langerhans becomes exhausted. In the present study, we show that resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxylstilbene) possesses(More)
OBJECTIVE Estradiol (E(2)) is known to modulate insulin sensitivity and, consequently, glucose homeostasis. Resveratrol (RSV), an agonist of estrogen receptor (ER), has exerted antihyperglycemic effects in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic rats in our previous study and was also shown to improve insulin resistance in other reports. However, it remains(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy (DN) has been recognized as the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Resveratrol (RSV), a polyphenolic compound, has been indicated to possess an insulin-like property in diabetes. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the renoprotective effects of RSV and delineate its underlying mechanism in early-stage DN. (More)
We previously showed that resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) stimulates NO production and is cardioprotective in rat heart subjected to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R rat heart). We now show that in I/R rat heart, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression is markedly induced, while expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nueronal(More)
BACKGROUND Our prior study showed that resveratrol could suppress infarct volume and exert neuroprotective effect on rats subjected to focal cerebral ischemia (FCI) injury. Recently, it has been reported in some literature that resveratrol protects the spinal cord, kidney, and heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury through upregulation of nitric oxide (NO).(More)
"It has been well known that both oxidative stress and inflammatory activity play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Resveratrol (RSV), a naturally occurring polyphenol found in grapes and red wine, has recently been shown to exert potent anti-diabetic, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory actions. In the present study,(More)
Although insulin resistance is recognized as a potent and prevalent risk factor for coronary heart disease, less is known as to whether insulin resistance causes an altered cardiac phenotype independent of coronary atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the relationship between insulin resistance and cardiac contractile dysfunctions by generating a(More)
Resveratrol (trans-3, 4', 5-trihydroxystilbene), a natural antioxidant derived from grapes, has beneficial effects against coronary heart disease. Its electrophysiological characteristics for antiarrhythmic efficacy are largely unknown; thus, this study aims to explore the resveratrol's antiarrhythmic effects and conduction system in isolated hearts as well(More)
Resveratrol (RSV), a natural phenolic compound, has been found to display cardiovascular protective and insulin-sensitizing properties. In this study, the effects of RSV and its combination with insulin on mortality, hemodynamics, insulin signaling, and nitrosative stress were compared in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats with or without acute(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Piceatannol is more potent than resveratrol in free radical scavenging in association with antiarrhythmic and cardioprotective activities in ischaemic-reperfused rat hearts. The present study aimed to investigate the antiarrhythmic efficacy and the underlying ionic mechanisms of piceatannol in rat hearts. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH(More)