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In diverse organisms, calorie restriction slows the pace of ageing and increases maximum lifespan. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, calorie restriction extends lifespan by increasing the activity of Sir2 (ref. 1), a member of the conserved sirtuin family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases. Included in this family are SIR-2.1, a(More)
A novel halophilic, filamentous actinomycete, designated TRM 4064T, was isolated from a hypersaline habitat in Sichuan Province, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on an almost-complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain TRM 4064T showed that it was most closely related to Actinopolyspora mortivallis (99.1 % sequence similarity). The sequence similarities(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the degeneration of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, whose survival and function are affected by neurotrophins and their receptors. The impaired signaling pathway of brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tropomyosin-related kinase B (BDNF/TrkB) is considered to play an important role in AD pathogenesis. To(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase p22(phox) C242T polymorphism and risk of ischemic cerebrovascular disease (ICVD), but the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was therefore designed to clarify these controversies. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS(More)
It remains controversial regarding the association between Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism and the risk of vascular dementia (VaD). The present meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. The meta-analysis was performed by searching PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. A total of 29 studies included(More)
We tested the therapeutic effect of autologous transplanted bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) on cerebral ischemia in rabbits. Rabbit permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models were intravenously injected with ex vivo expanded autologous BMSCs (n = 8), EPCs (n = 8), or phosphate-buffered saline (n = 6).(More)
Abiotic stress is a major environmental factor that limits cotton growth and yield, moreover, this problem has become more and more serious recently, as multiple stresses often occur simultaneously due to the global climate change and environmental pollution. In this study, we sought to identify genes involved in diverse stresses including abscisic acid(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analysis in European population found no association between rs12425791/rs11833579 and ischemic stroke. Several studies focused on East Asians have evaluated the association between this two SNPs and risk of ischemic stroke, but the results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to investigate a more(More)
AIMS Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) has been reported to attenuate intimal hyperplasia. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that PPARγ inhibits intimal hyperplasia through suppressing Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated inflammation in vascular smooth muscle cells. METHODS AND RESULTS TLR4(-/-) mice on a C57BL/6J background were(More)
Two extremely halophilic archaea, designated YIM 93701T and YIM 93664, were isolated from Lop Nur region in Xinjiang Province, northwest of China. The cells of the two strains were observed to be cocci, non-motile and Gram-negative. The organisms were determined to be aerobic and required at least 6 % NaCl for growth (optimum 20–25 % and maximum 35 %).(More)