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OBJECTIVE To explore the expression and role of Toll receptor 4 (TLR4) in human proximal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2, infected by HBV. METHODS The serum of HBV DNA copies between 10(7) - 10(8)/ml was collected. Before and after infected by HBV DNA positive serum, the HK-2 cells' morphology and the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the commonest gastrointestinal (GI) complication in type 2 diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the association between DGE and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in type 2 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 71 Chinese patients (39 men and 32 women, aged 60-90 years) and 30 controls (12(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays an important role in innate immunity. The aim of our study was to detect the expression of TLR4 in HBV-associated glomerulonephritis (HBV-GN) and explore the pathogenesis of TLR4 in inhibition of HBV replication in kidney. Immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the distribution of immunoglobulin, HBsAg, HBcAg and(More)
Ketoacids (KA) are known to preserve muscle mass among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on a low-protein diet (LPD). The present study was to compare the effects of KA supplemented diet therapy in autophagy and inflammation in CKD rats' skeletal muscle. Rats with 5/6 nephrectomy were randomly divided into three groups and fed with either 11(More)
Lymphoproliferated disorders involving large granular lymphocytes (LGL) can be divided into a common T-cell subset (CD3+, CD8+) and a rarer natural killer (NK)-cell subset (CD2+, CD3-). The immunophenotype, clinical pathologic features, and cytogenetic and molecular genetic analyses are reported for seven patients with NK-cell-LGL proliferation. The typical(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the regulation of autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) in skeletal muscle of diabetic nephropathy and examine the effect of low protein diet plus α-keto acid on ALP. METHODS A total of 45 24-week-old Goto-Kakizaki rats were randomized to receive normal protein (22%) diet (NPD), low-protein (6%) diet (LPD) or low-protein (5%) plus α-keto(More)
Human cardiac myocytes do not express detectable levels of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens and express low levels, if any, of MHC class I antigens. During rejection episodes, cardiac biopsies show massive increases of MHC antigens, which are thought to be induced by cytokines released by donor-sensitized recipient mononuclear cells.(More)
Renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) have an active role in renal inflammation, functioning as antigen-presenting cells as they constitutively express major histocompatibility complex-II and co-stimulatory molecules that can activate T cells and macrophages. Previous studies indicate that inflammatory cell infiltration and tubulointerstitial fibrosis are(More)