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Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays an important role in innate immunity. The aim of our study was to detect the expression of TLR4 in HBV-associated glomerulonephritis (HBV-GN) and explore the pathogenesis of TLR4 in inhibition of HBV replication in kidney. Immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the distribution of immunoglobulin, HBsAg, HBcAg and(More)
Ketoacids (KA) are known to preserve muscle mass among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on a low-protein diet (LPD). The present study was to compare the effects of KA supplemented diet therapy in autophagy and inflammation in CKD rats' skeletal muscle. Rats with 5/6 nephrectomy were randomly divided into three groups and fed with either 11(More)
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