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Oxytocin (OT), a neurohypophyseal neuropeptide, affects adaptive processes of the central nervous system. In the present study, we investigated the effects of OT on extracellular levels of glutamate (Glu) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) induced by methamphetamine (MAP) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and dorsal hippocampus (DHC) of freely moving mice,(More)
Previously, we and others showed that mitotic Aurora-A kinase (Aur-A) was required for accurate mitotic entry and proper spindle assembly. In this study, we found that expression of Aur-A was markedly elevated in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) obtained from a significant portion of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Targeting human(More)
PURPOSE Mothers against decapentaplegic homologue 4 (SMAD4) is a tumor suppressor gene associated with gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. The aim of the present study is to more precisely characterize its role in the development and progression of human gastric carcinoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression of SMAD4 was investigated in 283 gastric(More)
Ethaselen (1, 2-[bis (1, 2-Benzisoselenazolone-3 (2H) -ketone)] ethane, BBSKE), as a novel organoselenium compound targeting thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), has been reported to inhibit tumor growth and TrxR activity in several human tumor cell lines. It has now entered Phase I clinical trails. Here we report the effects of ethaselen and cisplatin(More)
Centrosomal Aurora-A (Aur-A) kinase ensures proper spindle assembly and accurate chromosome segregation in mitosis. Overexpression of Aur-A leads to centrosome amplification, aberrant spindle, and consequent genetic instability. In the present study, Aur-A was found to be overexpressed in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Moreover, Aur-A expression(More)
BACKGROUND The mitotic Aurora-A kinase exerts crucial functions in maintaining mitotic fidelity. As a bona fide oncoprotein, Aurora-A aberrant overexpression leads to oncogenic transformation. Yet, the mechanisms by which Aurora-A enhances cancer cell survival remain to be elucidated. RESULTS Here, we found that Aurora-A overexpression was closely(More)
The mitotic kinase Aurora-A (Aur-A) is required to form the bipolar spindle and ensure accurate chromosome segregation before cell division. Aur-A dysregulation represents an oncogenic event that promotes tumor formation. Here, we report that Aur-A promotes breast cancer metastasis. Aur-A overexpression enhanced mammary cell migration by dephosphorylation(More)
The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in foregut development, and its activity is increased in various tumors, including those of the digestive tract. Our objective in the present study was to determine the pattern and extent of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression in gastric cancer and related lesions as well as the methylation status of(More)
PTEN is a dual specificity phosphatase and is implicated in inflammation and apoptosis of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Bisperoxovanadium (Bpv), a specific inhibitor of PTEN's phosphatase activity, has demonstrated powerful neuroprotective properties. We investigated the neuroprotective roles of Bpv in the rat model of middle cerebral(More)
The inhibitory effects of 21 resveratrol derivatives on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in microglia and their structure-activity relationships were studied. It was found, for the first time, that certain resveratrol derivatives that have 3,5-dimethoxyl groups in the A-ring, such as (E)-4-(3,5-dimethoxystyryl)phenol(More)