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Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) ethylene-responsive element binding protein (AtEBP) gene was isolated as a suppressor of Bax-induced cell death by functional screening in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). To further examine the cell death suppressive action of AtEBP in plant cells, we established transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants(More)
AIM To determine the mutational characterization of P-type ATP7B gene and to explore the correlation of ATP7B genotype to phenotype in Chinese patients with Wilson disease (WD). METHODS Seventy-five patients with WD from 72 no-kinship families, 44 males and 31 females, were enrolled in this study. The age of onset ranged from 4 to 39 years, <=18 years in(More)
The maize Hm1 gene encoding the NADPH-dependent HC-toxin reductase is capable of detoxifying HC-toxin of fungus Cochliobolus carbonum. Here, we conducted the metabolic and biochemical analysis in transgenic rice plants overexpressing an HC-toxin reductase-like gene in rice (YK1 gene). Methods employing NADPH oxidation and capillary electrophoresis mass(More)
BACKGROUNDS ATP and P2X receptors play important roles in the modulation of trigeminal neuropathic pain, while the role of G protein-coupled P2Y₂ receptors and the underlying mechanisms are less clear. The threshold and frequency of action potentials, fast inactivating transient K+ channels (IA) are important regulators of membrane excitability in sensory(More)
AIM To investigate the effects and mechanism of d-limonene on the growth and metastasis of gastric cancer in vivo. METHODS Metastatic model simulating human gastric cancer was established by orthotopic implantation of histologically intact human tumor tissue into gastric wall of nude mice. One percent d-limonene was orally administered at dose of 15 ml/kg(More)
Candida albicans biofilm infections are usually treated with azole antifungals such as fluconazole. However, the development of resistance to this drug in C. albicans biofilms is very common, especially in immunocompromised individuals. The upregulation of the sterol biosynthetic pathway gene ERG and the efflux pump genes CDR and MDR may contribute to this(More)
BACKGROUND Diallyl disulfide (DADS) is a garlic-derived organosulfur compound. The current study is designed to evaluate the protective effects of DADS against ethanol-induced oxidative stress, and to explore the underlying mechanisms by examining the HO-1/Nrf-2 pathway. METHODS We investigated whether or not DADS could activate the HO-1 in normal human(More)
Accumulating evidences support the important roles of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) activation in ethanol-induced fatty liver, but the underlying mechanisms for its activation are not fully understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway activation could enhance SREBP-1 activity. The(More)
It is known that estrogen promotes the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Agonists to P2Y(2) receptors promote or suppress proliferation in different cancers. In the present study, the methods of methylthiazoltetrazolium (MTT) assay, real-time RT-PCR, Western blot and fluorescent calcium imaging analysis were used to investigate whether P2Y(2) receptors(More)
To investigate the protective effects and the possible mechanisms of garlic oil (GO) against N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)-induced hepatocarcinoma in rats, Wistar rats were gavaged with GO (20 or 40 mg/kg) for 1 week, and then were gavaged with GO and NDEA (10 mg/kg) for the next 20 weeks. The changes of morphology, histology, the biochemical indices of(More)