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The objective was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in exons of the osteoprotegerin gene and to analyze the relationship between the SNPs and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. We used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing methods to identify SNPs and genotypes in 205 postmenopausal women. BMD at the lumbar spine(More)
This study investigated the relative contribution of fat mass and lean mass to bone mineral density (BMD) in young and premenopausal healthy Chinese women. The study was performed in 282 young and premenopausal healthy women with regular menstrual cycles. The BMD at lumbar spine (L2–L4), total hip and total body, together with fat mass and lean mass were(More)
OBJECTIVES Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure may promote obesity, but its effect on bone mineral density (BMD) has not been reported in humans. We aimed to examine the relationships between BPA exposure, body composition, serum estradiol, leptin, osteocalcin levels and BMDs in healthy premenopausal women. DESIGN AND METHODS In this cross-sectional study, a total(More)
CONTEXT In Western countries, most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are asymptomatic. The incidence of parathyroid cancer is as low as 1% but is trending upward. The clinical outlook for Chinese patients with PHPT is unclear. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to describe the changing clinical patterns of benign and malignant PHPT in Chinese(More)
To find out which of the following parameters—serum levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), osteoprotegerin (OPG), leptin, osteocalcin (OC), and urinary excretion of N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx), can be used as an early marker for osteopenia/osteoporosis in women diagnosed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), 282(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was to establish biochemical thresholds for the intravenous calcium suppression test in the early diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). DESIGN AND METHODS One hundred and thirty-three patients were divided into three groups: Group 1: surgically proven hypercalcemic PHPT, Group 2 surgically proven mild PHPT, and Group 3:(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that oxidative stress is associated with osteoporosis. Serum uric acid (UA) is a strong endogenous antioxidant. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between the serum UA and BMD in Chinese men with T2DM. In this cross-sectional study of 621 men with T2DM, BMDs at lumbar spine (L2-4), femoral neck (FN), and total hip(More)
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by hormone resistance to receptors that stimulate adenylate cyclase. PHP-Ia patients show specific Gs-alpha protein deficiency, PTH/TSH/gonadotropin resistance, and a phenotype characterized by Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO). Many heterozygous mutations in the GNAS(More)
The molecular bases for parathyroid carcinomas present in conjunction with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism are not fully elucidated. Gene copy number variations (CNVs) play an important role in tumorigenesis. The aim of the current study was to explore whether the CNVs of specific tumor-associated genes are involved in parathyroid carcinogenesis. A(More)
BACKGROUND In Europeans and populations of European origin, several osteoporosis susceptibility genes, including ZBTB40, RANK, RANKL, OPG, MHC, and ESR1, were recently identified. However, none of these has been fully investigated in Han Chinese populations. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN In this relatively large cross-sectional sample of 1012 Han Chinese women, 21(More)