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Many studies have suggested that childhood maltreatment increase risk of adulthood major depressive disorder (MDD) and predict its unfavorable treatment outcome, yet the neural underpinnings associated with childhood maltreatment in MDD remain poorly understood. Here, we seek to investigate the whole-brain functional connectivity patterns in MDD patients(More)
BACKGROUND One of the major challenges in currently chemotherapeutic theme is lacking effective biomarkers for drug response and sensitivity. Our current study focus on two promising biomarkers, ERCC1 (excision repair cross-complementing group 1) and BRCA1 (breast cancer susceptibility gene 1). To investigate their potential role in serving as biomarkers(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared brain white matter integrity in two groups of patients with DSM-IV anxiety disorders. METHOD Seventeen patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 20 with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and 28 healthy controls were assessed on diffusion tensor imaging. RESULTS As compared to healthy controls, increased(More)
AP2/ERF transcription factors play an important role in regulation of the cross-talk between ethylene and jasmonate signaling pathways mediating defense responses of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, an AP2/ERF transcription factor gene was isolated and characterized from laticifers of rubber tree by using RACE and real time PCR. The(More)
In this study, resting state fMRI images and BOLD signals were recorded from 13 first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients and 13 healthy controls. The data were analyzed with the ReHo approach after realignment, registration, and normalization in statistical parametric mapping 2 (SPM2). A two-sample t-test was used to analyze the ReHo differences(More)
Light is one of most important factors to plants because it is necessary for photosynthesis. In this study, physiological and gene expression analyses under different light intensities were performed in the seedlings of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) clone GT1. When light intensity increased from 20 to 1000 µmol m(-2) s(-1), there was no effect on the(More)
The increased use of microwaves raises concerns about its impact on health including cognitive function in which neurotransmitter system plays an important role. In this study, we focused on the serotonin system and evaluated the long term effects of chronic microwave radiation on cognition and correlated items. Wistar rats were exposed or sham exposed to(More)
Bipolar disorder and unipolar depressive disorder (UD) may be different in brain structure. In the present study, we performed voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to quantify the grey matter volumes in 23 patients with bipolar I depressive disorder (BP1) and 23 patients with UD, and 23 age-, gender-, and education-matched healthy controls (HCs) using magnetic(More)
The tumor suppressor, p53, is a transcription factor which can modulate the transcription of a number of target genes that are involved in cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. However, the apoptotic pathway mediated by p53 is not fully understood. Here, we showed that N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) is a new target gene that is regulated by p53. NDRG2(More)
Microwaves have been suggested to induce neuronal injury and increase permeability of the blood–brain barrier (BBB), but the mechanism remains unknown. The role of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/Flk-1-Raf/MAPK kinase (MEK)/extracellular-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathway in structural and functional injury of the blood–brain barrier (BBB)(More)