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Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-secreting tumors (TSH-omas) are pituitary tumors that constitutively secrete TSH. The molecular genetics underlying this abnormality are not known. We discovered that a knock-in mouse harboring a mutated thyroid hormone receptor (TR) beta (PV; TRbeta(PV/PV) mouse) spontaneously developed TSH-omas. TRbeta(PV/PV) mice lost(More)
TSH is the major stimulator of thyrocyte proliferation, but its role in thyroid carcinogenesis remains unclear. To address this question, we used a mouse model of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) (TRbeta(PV/PV) mice). These mice, harboring a dominantly negative mutation (PV) of the thyroid hormone-beta receptor (TRbeta), exhibit increased serum thyroid(More)
We previously created a knock-in mutant mouse harboring a dominantly negative mutant thyroid hormone receptor beta (TRbeta(PV/PV) mouse) that spontaneously develops a follicular thyroid carcinoma similar to human thyroid cancer. We found that beta-catenin, which plays a critical role in oncogenesis, was highly elevated in thyroid tumors of TRbeta(PV/PV)(More)
Cell survival is regulated by the balance between death and survival signals. Previous studies have shown that the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are responsible for the glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in the postischemic brain. Meanwhile, nerve growth factor (NGF) is critically involved in cell survival and neuroprotective effects via the(More)
Telomere dysfunction is closely associated with human diseases such as cancer and ageing. Inappropriate changes in telomere length and/or structure result in telomere dysfunction. Telomeres have been considered to be transcriptionally silent, but it was recently demonstrated that mammalian telomeres are transcribed into telomeric repeat-containing RNA(More)
BACKGROUND Microalgae, with the ability to mitigate CO(2) emission and produce carbohydrates and lipids, are considered one of the most promising resources for producing bioenergy. Recently, we discovered that autophagy plays a critical role in the metabolism of photosynthetic system and lipids production. So far, more than 30-autophagy related (ATG) genes(More)
Myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) are the most potent professional antigen-presenting cells that regulate specific T-cell responses. Here we studied the ability of mDCs to kill T cells during HCV infection. We found that mDCs from chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients expressed upregulated levels of two inhibitory ligands, Fas ligand and the ligand 2 of PD-1(More)
Studies have demonstrated that optic nerve transection results in apoptotic cell death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and neurons within lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). Heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 was reported to be involved in protecting cells from injury under various pathological conditions in vivo and in vitro. To determine the involvement of Hsp70(More)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Lesion progression is primarily mediated by cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. IL-17A is a proinflammatory cytokine, which modulates immune cell trafficking and is involved inflammation in (auto)immune and infectious diseases. But the role of IL-17A still remains controversial. In the current study,(More)
Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) are critical regulators of growth, differentiation, and homeostasis. TRs function by regulating the expression of thyroid hormone (T3) target genes in both ligand-dependent and -independent pathways. Distinct classes of co-regulatory proteins modulate these two pathways. We show here a novel role of cyclin D1 as a(More)