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For tissue engineered bone constructs, calcium phosphate cement (CPC) has a high potential as scaffold material because of its biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. However, in vivo resorption and tissue ingrowth is slow. To address these issues, microspheres can be incorporated into the cement, which will create macroporosity after in situ degradation.(More)
In this study, we report the physico-chemical and biological properties of a novel biodegradable composite scaffold made of nano-hydroxyapatite and natural derived polymers of chitosan and carboxymethyl cellulose, namely, n-HA/CS/CMC, which was prepared by freeze-drying method. The physico-chemical properties of n-HA/CS/CMC scaffold were tested by infrared(More)
Nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan/carboxymethyl cellulose (n-HA/CS/CMC) composites with weight ratios of 70/10/20, 70/15/15 and 70/20/10 were prepared through a co-solution method. The properties of the composites were characterized by means of burn-out test, IR, XRD, TEM and universal material testing machine. The degradation and bioactivity were also(More)
A ZnO containing nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan (n-HA/CS) cement was developed and its bone formation ability was investigated in vitro and in vivo. The physico-chemical properties of the cement were determined in terms of pH variation during and after setting, injectability and wettability. The results indicated that, the pH varied from 7.04 to 7.12(More)
Chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite composites with different weight ratios were prepared through a co-precipitation method using Ca(OH)(2), H(3)PO(4) and chitosan as starting materials. The properties of these composites were characterized by means of TEM, IR, XRD, burn-out test and universal matertial test machine. Additionally, in vitro tests were also(More)
The in vivo behavior of infrared-heated, RF magnetron-sputtered hydroxylapatite (HA) and calcium pyrophosphate (DCPP) coated titanium discs was investigated. The discs were implanted subcutaneously in the back of six goats for 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks. At the end of the study, coated discs were removed and examined on their physicochemical properties by X-ray(More)
An artificial cornea consisted of a porous nano-hydroxyapatite/poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogel (n-HA/PVA-H) skirt and a transparent center poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogel (PVA-H) were prepared. The n-HA/PVA-H skirt was homogeneously porous and these pores were interconnected. Inter-penetrating network was observed along the interface between the core and the(More)
Phosphoric acid solution was used to react with commercial hydroxyapatite (HA) powders to demonstrate the possibility of converting HA to non-stoichiometric apatite and thus to treat porous HA ceramics, to form a thin bone-apatite like layer on the HA ceramic surface. Such a carbonate-containing non-stoichiometric apatite "bioceramic" would be more(More)
The main disadvantage of apatitic calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) is their slow degradation rate, which limits complete bone regeneration. Carbonate (CO₃²⁻) is the common constituent of bone and it can be used to improve the degradability of the apatitic calcium phosphate ceramics. This study aimed to examine the effect of calcite (CaCO₃) incorporation(More)
Apatitic calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) have been widely used as bone grafts due to their excellent osteoconductive properties, but the degradation properties are insufficient to stimulate bone healing in large bone defects. A novel approach to overcome the lack of degradability of apatitic CPC involves the development of biphasic CPCs (BCPC) based on(More)