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BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide anion radical (O2(-)), plays an important role in carcinogenesis. The human body has developed different antioxidant systems to defend against free radical attacks. We investigated the changes of the antioxidant status in the blood of patients with breast cancer. METHODS The O2(-) generation(More)
Excessive ethanol consumption may increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which results in the damage of tissues, especially the neurons and glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of whey protein concentrate (WPC) on the glutathione (GSH) status after acute ethanol exposure in(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer patients initiating TEC (including docetaxel, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide) treatment were genotyped for CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1 to identify variability factors of side effects for docetaxel. METHODS The planned dose of docetaxel per course was formulated according to each patient's height and weight. Each participant had(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer incidence increased seven-fold from 1979 to 2002, and it has become the second most common cancer in Taiwanese women. Although the relationship between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and breast cancer has been studied, no consistent association has been explicitly confirmed. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the(More)
Viral hepatic diseases, especially those induced by the hepatitis B virus, can progress into more serious pathological outcomes and eventually to hepatocellular carcinoma. A growing body of evidence indicates that many trace elements play important roles in a number of carcinogenic processes that proceed through various mechanisms. To examine the status of(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) converts superoxide anion into H(2)O(2), which is neutralized sequentially by either catalase (CAT) or glutathione peroxidase 1 (Gpx 1) into water or converted into highly reactive hypochlorous acid by myeloperoxidase (MPO). We hypothesize that gene variants for these enzymes might be(More)
Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from a traditional herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, is known to possess multiple pharmacological activities. In our previous study, Andro had been shown to have potent anti-cancer activity against human colorectal carcinoma Lovo cells by inhibiting cell-cycle progression. To further investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Excess reactive oxygen species related to neoplasia of liver has been established. Essentially, the human body has developed different antioxidant systems for defence against these attacks. To evaluate the redox status in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induced by hepatitis B virus (HBV), the most important aetiological factor in Taiwan, changes(More)
Several indices were used to assess whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage occurs in neurological disorders. Dysfunction of the BBB was surmised to be involved in the pathological changes of eosinophilic meningitis caused by the infection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. The mean concentration of protein and albumin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to lowering lipid profile, statins have pleiotropic effects on improving vascular function. Changes of these pleiotropic effects and their relationship to lipid profile after withdrawal of statin treatment remained unclear. METHODS We investigated the changes of lipid profile and plasma concentrations of human soluble vascular cell(More)