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Solamargine (SM), isolated from Solanum incanum herb, displayed a superior cytotoxicity in four human lung cancer cell lines. The half-inhibitory concentrations (IC50), of the cell viability assay for H441, H520, H661 and H69 cells were 3, 6.7, 7.2 and 5.8 microM, respectively. SM-induced apoptosis of these cells by PS externalization in a dose-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is known for its high metastatic potential and locoregional recurrence, although the molecular alterations that are driving NPC metastasis remain unclear at this time. This study aimed to examine the expression of fibulin-5 in NPC, correlate the results with clinicopathological variables and survival, and to(More)
We have previously demonstrated that solamargine (SM), the major steroidal glycoalkaloid extracted from Chinese herb Solanum plants, reveals down-regulation of HER2 and up-regulation of Fas and tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) expressions, triggers the mitochondria-mediated cell apoptosis pathway, and sensitizes human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC)(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is well-known for its highly metastatic characteristics, but little is known of its molecular mechanisms. New biomarkers that predict clinical outcome, in particular the ability of the primary tumor to develop metastatic tumors are urgently needed. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of FLJ10540 in human NPC(More)
Nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not generally a chemosensitive tumor, and the mechanism of resistance to the relevant anticancer drugs has not been fully elucidated. Solamargine (SM), the major steroidal glycoalkaloids extracted from the Chinese herb Solanum, inhibits the growth of human tumor cells. We have previously demonstrated that SM regulates(More)
Mutations on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) of adenocarcinomas of lung have been found to be associated with increased sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and K-ras mutations may correlate with primary resistance. We aimed to explore the discordant mutation statuses of EGFR and K-ras between primary tumors and matched brain metastases in(More)
The functions of Rap-1A in oral carcinogenesis are largely unexplored. In this study, we examined the expression of Rap-1A at different malignant stages of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). Semiquantitative RT-PCR, quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blotting were used to evaluate Rap-1A mRNA and protein expressions, respectively, in paired OCSCC(More)
A loss of TNF receptors expression has been found in advanced lung cancers, and human A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells are resistant to the cytotoxic effects of TNF-alpha and cisplatin. Here, the mechanisms of the drug resistance of A549 were extensively studied by gene modulation of the cells by solamargine (SM) which was isolated from Solanum incanum herb.(More)
The clinical significances, cellular effects, and molecular mechanisms by which Aurora-A mediate its invasive effects in HNSCC are still unclear. Here, we found that Aurora-A expression is significantly higher in tumor tissues on 14-microarray of HNSCC in Oncomine-databases. The activity of Aurora-A was not only found in HNSCC specimens, but also(More)
Curdlan was grafted to poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) to form a porous scaffold. The grafted PVA-curdlan 3D scaffold was then examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Grafting increased the water absorbency of the scaffold by 280%. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) observations of the material revealed that the 3D scaffold was highly porous(More)