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A tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) monodehydroascorbate reductase gene (LeMDAR) was isolated. The LeMDAR-green fluorescence protein (GFP) fusion protein was targeted to chloroplast in Arabidopsis mesophyll protoplast. RNA and protein gel blot analyses confirmed that the sense- and antisense- LeMDAR were integrated into the tomato genome. The MDAR(More)
Developing rapid and diverse microbial mutation tool is of importance to strain modification. In this review, a new mutagenesis method for microbial mutation breeding using the radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharge (RF APGD) plasma jets is summarized. Based on the experimental study, the helium RF APGD plasma jet has been found to be able to(More)
The GDP-L-galactose phosphorylase (GGP), which converts GDP-l-galactose to l-Gal-1-phosphate, is generally considered to be a key enzyme of the major ascorbate biosynthesis pathways in higher plants, but experimental evidence for its role in tomato is lacking. In the present study, the GGP gene was isolated from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and transient(More)
A tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) chloroplast glutathione reductase gene (LeGR) was isolated and antisense transgenic tomato lines were obtained. Under chilling stress, transgenic plants accumulated more H(2)O(2), leaked more electrolyte and showed lower net photosynthetic rate (Pn), maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm) and oxidizable(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are the predominant oligodendrocyte-lineage stage in the cerebral hemispheres of neonatal rat. Prior studies have shown that OPCs are highly vulnerable to hypoxic-ischemic injury, yet the mechanisms are not well understood. P2X(7) receptor (P2X(7)R) is an ATP-gated ion channel that has unusual properties and plays very(More)
OBJECTIVE To monitor the time trend of behaviors change related to HIV/AIDS epidemic and HIV prevalence, and to provide information and basis for comprehensive HIV prevention responses and evaluation of intervention effectiveness among female sex workers in China. METHODS During the year of 2004 to 2008, a series of cross-sectional surveys were conducted(More)
A widespread population of cells in CNS is identified by specific expression of the NG2 chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan and named as oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC). OPCs may possess stem cell-like characteristics, including multipotentiality in vitro and in vivo. It was proposed that OPCs in the CNS parenchyma comprise a unique population of glia,(More)
Six new lignans (1-6), along with 14 known compounds, were obtained from Peperomia duclouxii. The new structures were elucidated mainly by the analysis of their NMR and MS data. The absolute configurations of 1-6 were determined by comparing their optical rotations or CD spectra with those of known compounds. In cytotoxic and MDR reversal cell activity(More)
DNA damage is the dominant source of mutation, which is the driving force of evolution. Therefore, it is important to quantitatively analyze the DNA damage caused by different mutagenesis methods, the subsequent mutation rates, and their relationship. Atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutagenesis has been used for the mutation breeding of more(More)