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A tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) monodehydroascorbate reductase gene (LeMDAR) was isolated. The LeMDAR-green fluorescence protein (GFP) fusion protein was targeted to chloroplast in Arabidopsis mesophyll protoplast. RNA and protein gel blot analyses confirmed that the sense- and antisense- LeMDAR were integrated into the tomato genome. The MDAR(More)
The GDP-L-galactose phosphorylase (GGP), which converts GDP-l-galactose to l-Gal-1-phosphate, is generally considered to be a key enzyme of the major ascorbate biosynthesis pathways in higher plants, but experimental evidence for its role in tomato is lacking. In the present study, the GGP gene was isolated from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and transient(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are the predominant oligodendrocyte-lineage stage in the cerebral hemispheres of neonatal rat. Prior studies have shown that OPCs are highly vulnerable to hypoxic-ischemic injury, yet the mechanisms are not well understood. P2X(7) receptor (P2X(7)R) is an ATP-gated ion channel that has unusual properties and plays very(More)
A tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) chloroplast glutathione reductase gene (LeGR) was isolated and antisense transgenic tomato lines were obtained. Under chilling stress, transgenic plants accumulated more H(2)O(2), leaked more electrolyte and showed lower net photosynthetic rate (Pn), maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm) and oxidizable(More)
Developing rapid and diverse microbial mutation tool is of importance to strain modification. In this review, a new mutagenesis method for microbial mutation breeding using the radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharge (RF APGD) plasma jets is summarized. Based on the experimental study, the helium RF APGD plasma jet has been found to be able to(More)
A widespread population of cells in CNS is identified by specific expression of the NG2 chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan and named as oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC). OPCs may possess stem cell-like characteristics, including multipotentiality in vitro and in vivo. It was proposed that OPCs in the CNS parenchyma comprise a unique population of glia,(More)
DNA damage is the dominant source of mutation, which is the driving force of evolution. Therefore, it is important to quantitatively analyze the DNA damage caused by different mutagenesis methods, the subsequent mutation rates, and their relationship. Atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutagenesis has been used for the mutation breeding of more(More)
In our investigation on the chemical constituents of Hippophae rhamnoides L., the chloroform-soluble fraction of the 80% acetone extract of branch bark was observed to inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production in a lipopolysaccharide and recombinant mouse interferon-gamma-activated murine macrophage-like cell line, RAW 264.7 cells. Two new triterpenoids,(More)
Twelve polycyclic diterpenes have been isolated from the roots of Euphorbia kansui. Nine were assigned with an ingenol skeleton, 20-O-(2'E,4'E-decadienoyl)ingenol (1), 20-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)ingenol (2), 3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)ingenol (3), 3-O-(2'E,4'E-decadienoyl)ingenol (4), 3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)-5-O-acetylingenol (5),(More)
We examined the effects of 12 terpene compounds derived from the roots of Euphorbia kansui on the proliferative activity of Xenopus embryo cells. Eight of these compounds showed significant inhibition of cellular proliferation even at low concentrations, while four of them needed to be present at higher concentrations to inhibit cellular proliferation. In(More)