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BACKGROUND Target genes of a transcription factor (TF) Pou5f1 (Oct3/4 or Oct4), which is essential for pluripotency maintenance and self-renewal of embryonic stem (ES) cells, have previously been identified based on their response to Pou5f1 manipulation and occurrence of Chromatin-immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-binding sites in promoters. However, many(More)
To examine transcription factor (TF) network(s), we created mouse ESC lines, in each of which 1 of 50 TFs tagged with a FLAG moiety is inserted into a ubiquitously controllable tetracycline-repressible locus. Of the 50 TFs, Cdx2 provoked the most extensive transcriptome perturbation in ESCs, followed by Esx1, Sox9, Tcf3, Klf4, and Gata3. ChIP-Seq revealed(More)
The prostate epithelial lineage hierarchy and the cellular origin for prostate cancer remain inadequately defined. Using a lineage-tracing approach, we show that adult rodent prostate basal and luminal cells are independently self-sustained in vivo. Disrupting the tumor suppressor Pten in either lineage led to prostate cancer initiation. However, the(More)
Coupling of biodiesel production and wastewater treatment based on microalgae is a promising approach for handling the energy crisis of declining fossil fuel reserves. A freshwater microalga, Scenedesmus sp. LX1, isolated in a previous study, was tested for its ability to remove nutrients and accumulate lipid while growing in secondary effluent. Compared(More)
The ability to isolate prostate stem cells is essential to explore their role in prostate development and disease. In vitro prostate colony- and sphere-forming assays were used to quantitatively measure murine prostate stem/progenitor cell enrichment and self-renewal. Cell surface markers were screened for their ability to positively or negatively enrich(More)
Murine prostate stem cells express integrin alpha 6, which modulates survival, proliferation, and differentiation signaling through its interaction with the extracellular protein laminin. When plated in vitro in laminin containing Matrigel medium, 1 of 500-1,000 murine prostate cells can grow and form clonogenic spheroid structures that we term prostate(More)
Human infection associated with a novel reassortant avian influenza H7N9 virus has recently been identified in China. A total of 132 confirmed cases and 39 deaths have been reported. Most patients presented with severe pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Although the first epidemic has subsided, the presence of a natural reservoir and the(More)
Prevailing theories suggest that luminal cells are the origin of prostate cancer because it is histologically defined by basal cell loss and malignant luminal cell expansion. We introduced a series of genetic alterations into prospectively identified populations of murine basal/stem and luminal cells in an in vivo prostate regeneration assay. Stromal(More)
The endogenous opioid system has been found to be involved in fever caused by pyrogens. In the present study, we have investigated the role of the mu-opioid receptor in the brain in fever induced by lipopolysaccharide. Rats were microinjected with 1 microg of the mu-opioid receptor-selective antagonist, cyclic D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Arg-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH(2)(More)
Microalgae are very promising in biodiesel production. To reduce the production cost, approaches to enhance lipid and triacylglycerols (TAGs) production by microalgae have gained much attention. Effect of ethyl-2-methyl acetoacetate (EMA) on the lipid and TAGs production by a freshwater microalga, Scenedesmus sp. LX1, was studied in this paper. EMA below a(More)