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α-Linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed of ω6:ω3 fatty acid ratio in the diet are a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is a need to enhance the ALA content and to reduce the ratio of linoleic acid (LA) to ALA. Six ω-3 (Δ-15) fatty acid desaturase (FAD) genes were cloned from(More)
Based upon the observation that estrogen acts in the striatum to rapidly modulate dopamine (DA) neural transmission and DA-mediated behaviors, it has been postulated that these effects of estrogen are mediated by a specific, membrane-bound receptor mechanism. To further characterize the pharmacological specificity of the estrogen binding site, the present(More)
Ureaplasma urealyticum (UUR) and Ureaplasma parvum (UPA) are sexually transmitted bacteria among humans implicated in a variety of disease states including but not limited to: nongonococcal urethritis, infertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes, chorioamnionitis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in neonates. There are 10 distinct serotypes of UUR and 4 of UPA.(More)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common pathogen that causes upper and lower respiratory tract infections in people of all ages, responsible for up to 40 % of community-acquired pneumonias. It also causes a wide array of extrapulmonary infections and autoimmune phenomena. Phylogenetic studies of the organism have been generally restricted to specific genes or(More)
Macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MRMP) is highly BLOCKINprevalent BLOCKINin BLOCKINAsia BLOCKINand BLOCKINis BLOCKINnow BLOCKINbeing BLOCKINreported BLOCKINfrom BLOCKINEu-rope. BLOCKINFew BLOCKINdata BLOCKINon BLOCKINMRMP BLOCKINare BLOCKINavailable BLOCKINin BLOCKINthe BLOCKINUnited BLOCKINStates. Using genotypic and phenotypic methods, we(More)
Sufficient uterine blood supply is essential for the fetus to develop normally in the uterus. Several mechanisms are involved in the process of vessel development in deciduas and villus. We focus on whether first-trimester decidua side population (SP) cells contain cells capable of differentiating into endothelial cells. Eight decidua samples were collected(More)
Sex differences, laterality, and hormonal regulation of androgen receptor (AR) immunoreactivity in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells were examined using the PG21 antibody. Adult male rats were either castrated or sham-operated at least 2 weeks prior to sacrifice. Gonadally intact females were sacrificed on the day of proestrus. Animals received an(More)
Experiments were conducted to examine sex differences in striatal dopamine function using in vivo microdialysis in freely moving rats. We report here a sex difference in basal extracellular striatal dopamine determined by quantitative microdialysis (the no net flux method) when castrated and ovariectomized rats were compared. There was no sex difference in(More)
Estradiol in the striatum enhances amphetamine (AMPH)- or KCl-stimulated dopamine (DA) release and the pacing of sexual behavior in the female rat. These effects of estradiol in the striatum are rapid, steroid specific and thought to be mediated by a G protein-coupled membrane receptor for estradiol. In the current experiments, we examined whether two(More)