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The genome-wide identification of pairs of interacting proteins is an important step in the elucidation of cell regulatory mechanisms. Much of our present knowledge derives from high-throughput techniques such as the yeast two-hybrid assay and affinity purification, as well as from manual curation of experiments on individual systems. A variety of(More)
Studies have shown that CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBP beta) can stimulate adipogenesis in noncommitted fibroblasts by activating expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma). Other investigations have established a role for C/EBP alpha as well as PPARgamma in orchestrating the complex program of adipogenic gene(More)
Adiponectin is secreted from adipose tissue in response to metabolic effectors in order to sensitize the liver and muscle to insulin. Reduced circulating levels of adiponectin that usually accompany obesity contribute to the associated insulin resistance. The molecular mechanisms controlling the production of adiponectin are essentially unknown. In this(More)
The activity of transcription factor FoxO1 is regulated by phosphorylation-dependent nuclear exclusion and deacetylation-dependent nuclear retention. It is unclear whether and how these two post-translational modifications affect each other. To answer this question, we expressed FoxO1 cDNAs with combined mutations of phosphorylation and acetylation sites in(More)
Stimulation of adipogenesis in mouse preadipocytes requires C/EBPbeta as well as activation of the MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway. In this study, we demonstrate that phosphorylation of C/EBPbeta at a consensus ERK/glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) site regulates adiponectin gene expression during the C/EBPbeta-facilitated(More)
Increased hepatic lipid content is an early correlate of insulin resistance and can be caused by nutrient-induced activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor). This activation of mTor increases basal Akt activity, leading to a self-perpetuating lipogenic cycle. We have previously shown that the developmental Notch pathway has metabolic functions in(More)
AIM Exploring the development of therapy for a formerly rare and life-threatening disorder, Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). METHODS From 1981 to 2003, 2677 patients with BCS were admitted including 2546 cases that underwent intervention. Therapeutic means included 170 membranotomies, 181 cavoatrial shunts, 312 mesoatrial shunts including mesocavoatrial shunt,(More)
Dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis are associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and diabetes, but the mechanism is unclear. Gain of function of the gene encoding deacetylase SirT1 improves insulin sensitivity and could be expected to protect against lipid abnormalities. Surprisingly, when transgenic mice overexpressing SirT1 (SirBACO) are placed on(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) can disperse stored energy as heat. Promoting BAT-like features in white adipose (WAT) is an attractive, if elusive, therapeutic approach to staunch the current obesity epidemic. Here we report that gain of function of the NAD-dependent deacetylase SirT1 or loss of function of its endogenous inhibitor Deleted in breast cancer-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Macrophage recruitment to adipose tissue is a reproducible feature of obesity. However, the events that result in chemokine production and macrophage recruitment to adipose tissue during states of energetic excess are not clear. Sirtuin 1 (SirT1) is an essential nutrient-sensing histone deacetylase, which is increased by caloric restriction and(More)