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Mutations in chromosome-helicase-DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) are identified as the main cause for CHARGE syndrome (coloboma, heart anomaly, choanal atresia, retardation, genital and ear anomalies). Most patients (55% to 85%) with CHARGE syndrome display developmental defects in the central nervous system (CNS), of which pathology and molecular mechanisms(More)
Genetic transformation is an indispensable tool for basic fungal research, as well as a useful technique for directed improvement of industrial strains. Here we describe a simple and reproducible transformation system for the filamentous fungus Hypocrea jecorina. The system is based on hxk1 (encoding hexokinase) as selectable marker, a hexokinase-negative(More)
Gasdermin A3 (Gsdma3) was originally identified in association with hair-loss phenotype in mouse mutants. Our previous study found that AE mutant mice, with a Y344H substitution at the C-terminal domain of Gsdma3, display inflammation-dependent alopecia and excoriation [Zhou et al. (2012) Am. J. Pathol. 180, 763-774]. Interestingly, we found that the(More)
While apoptosis is essential for male germ cell development, improper activation of apoptosis in the testis can affect spermatogenesis and cause reproduction defects. Members of the MAGE-A (melanoma antigen family A) gene family are frequently clustered in mammalian genomes and are exclusively expressed in the testes of normal animals but abnormally(More)
Novel scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering were fabricated by co-electrospinning human-like collagen/chitosan and polylactic acid at room temperature and normal pressure. By studying the effects of composition and collecting distance on the morphology of electrospun meshes, we determined that the proper collecting distance and the concentration of the(More)
Cell growth is tightly coupled with mitochondrial biogenesis in order to maintain energy and organelle homeostasis. Receptor tyrosine kinase Kit and its ligand, stem cell factor (SCF), play a critical role in the growth and survival of multiple cell lineages. Here we report that the expression of SCF and Kit in adipose tissues is responsive to food(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a key negative regulator of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. Previous study showed that, in the liver, the catalytic subunit of PP2A (PP2Ac) is closely associated with insulin resistance syndrome, which is characterized by glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia. Here we studied the role of liver PP2Ac in glucose(More)
Hepatoprotective Mongolian prescription II (MPII), a mixture of 18 different medicinal herbs, significantly inhibited the growth of human liver cancer cell lines Huh-7 and HepG2 in vitro with different concentrations; MPII (6mg/mL) inhibited cell proliferation by 80.48%. MPII induced apoptosis in both cell lines, which was observed by light microscopy and(More)
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