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Many high level representations of time series have been proposed for data mining, including Fourier transforms, wavelets, eigenwaves, piecewise polynomial models, etc. Many researchers have also considered symbolic representations of time series, noting that such representations would potentiality allow researchers to avail of the wealth of data structures(More)
Many algorithms have been proposed for the problem of time series classification. However, it is clear that one-nearest-neighbor with Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) distance is exceptionally difficult to beat. This approach has one weakness, however; it is computationally too demanding for many realtime applications. One way to mitigate this problem is to speed(More)
The matching of two-dimensional shapes is an important problem with applications in domains as diverse as biometrics, industry, medicine and anthropology. The distance measure used must be invariant to many distortions, including scale, offset, noise, partial occlusion, etc. Most of these distortions are relatively easy to handle, either in the(More)
The problem of time series classification has attracted great interest in the last decade. However current research assumes the existence of large amounts of <i>labeled</i> training data. In reality, such data may be very difficult or expensive to obtain. For example, it may require the time and expertise of cardiologists, space launch technicians, or other(More)
To further our understanding on the antibacterial activity of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), high purity SWCNTs with average diameter of 0.83 nm and (7,5) chirality as dominate (n,m) structure were dispersed in a biocompatible surfactant solution. Ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared radiation absorption spectroscopy was employed to monitor the(More)
Over the past three decades, there has been a great deal of research on shape analysis, focusing mostly on shape indexing, clustering, and classification. In this work, we introduce the new problem of finding shape discords, the most unusual shapes in a collection. We motivate the problem by considering the utility of shape discords in diverse domains(More)
The comments, opinions, and views expressed in the paper do not necessarily reflect those of the members, directors, and officers of the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. All errors and omissions are the authors' own. Abstract Have structural changes in the U.S. equities markets, such as decimalization, the growth of ECNs, and improvements in order routing(More)
This paper describes a new velocity–azimuth display (VAD)-based dealiasing method developed for automated radar radial velocity data quality control to satisfy the high-quality standard and efficiency required by operational radar data assimilation. The method is built on an alias-robust velocity–azimuth display (AR-VAD) analysis. It upgrades and simplifies(More)
Treatment outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients remains unsatisfactory. It has been shown that the infusion of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized donor peripheral blood stem cells (G-PBSCs) can enhance graft-versus-leukemia effects and speed hematopoietic recovery. Fifty-eight AML patients aged 60-88 years were randomly(More)
The Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) which serves as an important component of cellular signal transduction pathways has been shown to regulate many viral infections. The present study demonstrated for the first time that infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the causative agent of a highly contagious disease in chickens, can activate JNK1/2 pathway in(More)