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With the recent advance in breast cancer therapy, the survival rate of breast cancer patients has improved greatly. In spite of the progress, 25-50% of breast cancer patients eventually will develop metastasis. Due to limited early detection methods, metastasis is usually diagnosed at the late stages beyond recovery likely due to resistance to currently(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has often been used to evaluate gastric subepithelial masses (SEM) and their malignant potential. Information on the use of EUS to survey small gastric SEM is limited. METHODS A total of 125 consecutive patients referred for evaluation of a suspected gastric SEM were evaluated by EUS from February 2002 to(More)
Regarding breast cancer treatment, triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a difficult issue. Most TNBC patients die of cancer metastasis. Thus, to develop a new regimen to attenuate TNBC metastatic potential is urgently needed. MART-10 (19-nor-2α-(3-hydroxypropyl)-1α,25(OH)₂D₃), the newly-synthesized 1α,25(OH)₂D₃ analog, has been shown to be much more(More)
Pancreatic cancer (PDA) is a devastating disease and there is no effective treatment available at present. To develop new regiments against PDA is urgently needed. Previously we have shown that vitamin D analog, MART-10 (19-nor-2α-(3-hydroxypropyl)-1α,25(OH)2D3), exerted potent antiproliferative effect on PDA in vitro and in vivo without causing(More)
AIM To evaluate the inhibitory effects of DNAzymes on the expressions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) s (HBsAg) and e (HBeAg) in 2.2.15 cells, and to explore the potential therapeutic effects of DNAzymes on replication of HBV genome. METHODS DNAzymes DrzBS and DrzBC specific to HBV (ayw subtype) s gene ORF A157UG and e gene ORF A1816UG, were designed and(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is the hall marker for cancer growth and metastasis. Thus, anti-angiogenesis emerges as a new way to treat cancer. 1α,25(OH)2D3 is recently getting popular due to the non-mineral functions, which have been applied fore cancer treatment. The newly-synthesized 1α,25(OH)2D3 analog, MART-10, has been proved to be much more potent than(More)
Eight commercial lactic acid bacteria (LAB) products were assayed for their LAB cell counts, acid and bile tolerance, and adherence to human intestinal epithelium. Results showed that the viable cell densities in liquid products, such as fermented milk samples, were higher than those in the solid products. In two solid products, viable LAB counts were not(More)
The influence of pH on the degradation of refractory organics (benzoic acid, BA) in UV(254 nm)/Peroxymonosulfate (UV/PMS) system was investigated. The degradation of BA was significantly enhanced at the pH range of 8-11, which could not be explained only by the generally accepted theory that SO(4)(•-) was converted to HO(•) at higher pH. A hypothesis was(More)
For the head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), surgery in combination with radiation therapy is the current standard treatment. However, the complex anatomy and important functions over the head and neck region often make HNSCC patients with severe comorbidities. Even after aggressive treatment, the 5year survival for HNSCC patients is only around(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is defined by the detectable serum HBV-DNA in HBV surface antigen-negative patients. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the therapeutic effects of combined pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) in patients with concurrent occult HBV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) dual infection. (More)