Learn More
INTRODUCTION We reviewed the epidemiology of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Singapore after the 2000 epidemic caused by Enterovirus 71 (EV71), with particular reference to the cyclical pattern, predominant circulating enteroviruses and impact of prevention and control measures in preschool centres. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analysed the(More)
INTRODUCTION We investigated the 2005 outbreak of dengue fever (DF)/dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) to determine its epidemiological, virological and entomological features to further understand the unprecedented resurgence. MATERIALS AND METHODS All physician-diagnosed, laboratory-confirmed cases of DF/DHF notified to the Ministry of Health, Singapore(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has caused recurrent epidemics of hand, foot and mouth disease among children in Singapore. Between August 2008 and July 2010, we conducted a survey to estimate the seroprevalence of EV71 infection among children and adolescents aged 1-17 years. We compared our EV71 seroepidemiologic findings with a previous study conducted(More)
We have identified several estrogen receptor (ER) mRNA isoforms in rat pituitary and characterized their regulation by gonadal steroids. The ER mRNAs correspond to splice variants in which either exon 4, exons 3 and 4, or exons 5 and 6 are deleted. A previously isolated pituitary-specific truncated mRNA, TERP-1, containing a unique 5'-end and exons 5(More)
INTRODUCTION We reviewed the epidemiological features of 1348 hospitalised cases of influenza A (H1N1-2009) [pandemic H1N1] infection in Singapore reported between 15 July and 28 September 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data on the demographic and epidemiological characteristics of hospitalised patients with confirmed pandemic H1N1 infection were collected(More)
INTRODUCTION The fi rst case of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) was detected in Singapore on 26 May 2009, 1 month after the fi rst cases of novel influenza A(H1N1) was reported in California and Texas in the United States. The World Health Organization declared the fi rst influenza pandemic of the 21st century on 11 June 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS Confirmed(More)
INTRODUCTION Although multiple studies of cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have been conducted, no such study has examined Singapore's situation nor compared the licensed conjugate vaccines in an Asian population. This paper estimates the costs and public health impacts of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine programs, varying estimates of(More)
To determine trends and clinical and epidemiologic features of legionellosis in Singapore, we studied cases reported during 2000-2009. During this period, 238 indigenous and 33 imported cases of legionellosis were reported. Cases were reported individually and sporadically throughout each year. Although the annual incidence of indigenous cases had decreased(More)
A 5.2-kb mRNA band that contains estrogen receptor (ER) sequence and exhibits sex- and tissue-specific expression has been identified in rat pituitary via Northern analysis; this band is composed of at least two distinctive ER mRNA isoforms. This mRNA is expressed in high levels in female pituitary but is absent in male pituitary and uterus, whereas the(More)
INTRODUCTION To determine the seroepidemiology of dengue virus infection in a representative sample of the adult resident population aged 18 years old to 74 years old in Singapore and to estimate the proportion of asymptomatic dengue infection during the 2004 epidemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was based on 4152 stored blood samples collected(More)