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Emerging evidence indicates that early maternal care permanently modifies the activity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and is a critical factor in determining the capacity of the brain to compensate for later encountered insults. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of corticosterone (CORT) in the detrimental effects of neonatal(More)
The lack of specific symptoms and signs in patients with tuberculous meningitis makes early diagnosis difficult. To our knowledge, there has been no report in the literature focusing on tuberculous meningitis patients younger than 1 year of age. In this report, we reviewed the clinical features and laboratory findings of seven infants with tuberculous(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) encephalopathy is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in infants and children. To delineate the nature and mechanism(s) of neuroprotection via erythropoietin (EPO) gene therapy, we evaluated the effects of single intravenous injection of naked plasmid DNA encoding EPO in H-I infant rats. Single administration of naked(More)
OBJECTIVE Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitic syndrome in children. CD40 ligand (CD40L) has been implicated in certain types of vasculitis. We proposed that CD40L expression might be correlated with coronary artery lesions in KD. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 43 patients with KD before intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)(More)
Liver abscess is uncommon in children. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predisposing factors, pathogens, duration of hospitalization, and the managements of liver abscess in children. From 1986 to 2001, fifteen children were admitted to our hospital under the diagnosis of liver abscess. Thirteen cases were older than 8 years old and two were(More)
PURPOSE Status epilepticus (SE) is more common in children than adults and has a high mortality and morbidity rate. SE in adult rats results in long-term disturbances in learning and memory, as well as an enhanced seizure susceptibility to further seizures. In contrast, a number of studies suggest that the immature brain is less vulnerable to the(More)
Bile duct ligation (BDL) in developing rats causes cholestasis, impaired liver function and cognition. Because both nitric oxide (NO) and ammonia are implicated in hepatic encephalopathy (HE), we hypothesized that asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous NO synthase inhibitor, and ammonia affect cognition in young rats with BDL. Four groups of(More)
Elevated asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels and nitric oxide (NO) deficiency are associated with the development of hypertension. Metformin, an antidiabetic agent, is a structural analog of ADMA. We examined whether metformin can prevent the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) by restoration of ADMA-NO balance. SHRs(More)
Obstructive jaundice (OJ) increases the risk of liver injury and sepsis, leading to increased mortality. Cholestatic liver injury is associated with a downregulation of hepcidin expression levels. In fact, hepcidin has an important antimicrobial effect, especially against Escherichia coli. It is unknown whether supplementing recombinant hepcidin is(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) exhibits remarkable plasticity in early life and can be altered significantly by various prenatal influences. We previously showed that prenatal exposure to morphine altered kinetic properties of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated synaptic currents in the hippocampus of young rat offspring at the age of 14 days(More)