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Numerous studies have implicated C-reactive protein (CRP) and the acute phase response (APR) in the development of atherosclerotic heart disease. Interleukin (IL)-6, which regulates both CRP expression and the APR, has also been identified as a risk factor for heart disease. To more directly evaluate the role of IL-6 in the development of atherosclerosis,(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is an important regulator of homeostatic growth and inflammation. Although gene-targeting studies have revealed important roles for NF-kappaB, they have been complicated by component redundancy and lethal phenotypes. To examine the role of NF-kappaB in endothelial tissues, Tie2 promoter/enhancer-IkappaBalpha(S32A/S36A)(More)
Scavenger receptors (ScRs) are a structurally unrelated family of receptors with the ability to bind modified low density lipoprotein (LDL) as well as a broad range of polyanionic ligands. CD68, whose expression is restricted to mononuclear phagocytes, is a unique ScR family member, owing to its lysosome associated membrane protein (LAMP)-like domain and(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) must achieve a critical balance between activation and tolerance, a process influenced by cytokines and growth factors. IL-10, which transduces signals through Stat3, has emerged as one important negative regulator of DC activation. To directly examine the role Stat3 plays in regulating DC activity, the Stat3 gene was targeted for(More)
Deregulated production of IL-17 and IL-21 plays a key pathogenic role in many autoimmune disorders. A delineation of the mechanisms that underlie the inappropriate synthesis of IL-17 and IL-21 in autoimmune diseases can thus provide important insights into potential therapies for these disorders. Here we have shown that the serine-threonine kinase(More)
Many proteins are known to undergo small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) modification by an E1-, E2-, and E3-dependent ligation process. Recognition that protein inhibitor of activated signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) (PIAS) proteins are SUMO E3 ligases raised the possibility that STATs may also be regulated by SUMO modification.(More)
Recent studies in septic models have shown that myocardial calpain activity and TNF-α expression increase during sepsis and that inhibition of calpain activation downregulates myocardial TNF-α expression and improves cardiac dysfunction. However, the mechanism underlying this pathological process is unclear. Thus, in the present study, we aimed to explore(More)
Panaxydol (PND) is one of the main non-peptidyl small molecules isolated from the lipophilic fractions of Panax notoginseng. The present study was carried out to demonstrate the potential effects of panaxydol on the induction of differentiation of human liver carcinoma cell lines SMMC-7721. Cell viability was evaluated by MTT method and Trypan blue(More)
(1) Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in central nervous system are thought to be new targets for Alzheimer's disease. However, the most involved nicotinic receptor subtype in Alzheimer's disease is unclear. alpha4beta2 receptor is the most widely spread subtype in brain, involving in several important aspects of cognitive and other functions. We(More)
The present paper proposes an new optimal Elman neural network modelling to predict the knitted fabric colour properties including the colour yield (in term of K/S value) and CIE Lab values of knitted fabrics under the effect of laser engraving process. The new modified Elman network which have a proportional (P), integral (I), and derivative (D) properties(More)