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Lighter is a fast, memory-efficient tool for correcting sequencing errors. Lighter avoids counting k-mers. Instead, it uses a pair of Bloom filters, one holding a sample of the input k-mers and the other holding k-mers likely to be correct. As long as the sampling fraction is adjusted in inverse proportion to the depth of sequencing, Bloom filter size can(More)
Lighter is a fast, memory-efficient tool for correcting sequencing errors. Lighter avoids counting k-mers. Instead, it uses a pair of Bloom filters, one holding a sample of the input k-mers and the other holding k-mers likely to be correct. As long as the sampling fraction is adjusted in inverse proportion to the depth of sequencing, Bloom filter size can(More)
Accumulating evidence has implicated neuropeptides in modulating recognition, learning and memory. However, to date, no study has investigated the effects of neuropeptide Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) on the process of learning and memory. In the present study, we evaluated the acute effects of TFF3 administration (0.1 and 0.5mg/kg, i.p.) on the acquisition and(More)
Adversity, particularly in early life, can cause illness. Clues to the responsible mechanisms may lie with the discovery of molecular signatures of stress, some of which include alterations to an individual's somatic genome. Here, using genome sequences from 11,670 women, we observed a highly significant association between a stress-related disease, major(More)
We propose a watermarking scheme for color images based on local quaternion Fourier spectral analysis (LQFSA).The merits of the proposed scheme include: 1) Quaternion Fourier transform is defined in a 4D vector space and thus provides a larger embedding scope for watermark than conventional monochannel transformation techniques. 2) We improve the(More)
BACKGROUND Next-generation sequencing of cellular RNA (RNA-seq) is rapidly becoming the cornerstone of transcriptomic analysis. However, sequencing errors in the already short RNA-seq reads complicate bioinformatics analyses, in particular alignment and assembly. Error correction methods have been highly effective for whole-genome sequencing (WGS) reads,(More)
Centrifuge is a novel microbial classification engine that enables rapid, accurate, and sensitive labeling of reads and quantification of species on desktop computers. The system uses an indexing scheme based on the Burrows-Wheeler transform (BWT) and the Ferragina-Manzini (FM) index, optimized specifically for the metagenomic classification problem.(More)
Few terms in the biomedical lexicon are as widely recognized as the phrase blood-brain barrier (BBB). Indeed, it immediately conjures up a "barricade" between the blood and the brain, a feature often considered more obstacle than safeguard. In truth, the BBB performs in both capacities, and it is precisely this duality that imparts such a vital role to the(More)
Astrocytes from different sources bind the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant factor (MCP-1), yet functional expression in these cells of CCR2, the major receptor for this ligand, has been a matter of controversy. Here we show that cultured human fetal astrocytes express CCR2 at the mRNA and protein levels, and display chemotaxis and calcium flux in(More)
A connection between pain and depression has long been recognized in the clinical setting; however, its mechanism remains unclear. This study showed that mechanical hyperalgesia induced by unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammation was exacerbated in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats with genetically predisposed depressive behavior. Reciprocally, TMJ(More)