Li Sheng Chen

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Based on a review of anatomical and physiological findings, we suggest that the hippocampus may be viewed as a positive feedback device (autoassociator), which is capable of modifying the activity of the neocortical neurons. We examine the three-dimensional organization of evoked and spontaneous physiological patterns of the hippocampus and suggest rules(More)
Spontaneous hippocampal EEG activity and evoked field potentials were investigated in intact rats and in animals with fetal hippocampal grafts. Pieces of hippocampal grafts, derived from 15- to 16-day-old fetuses, were used to prepare cell suspensions and grafted directly into the intact hippocampus. Control animals received suspension grafts of the(More)
The neurotrophic activity of astrocytes and fibroblasts and its regulation by various cytokines were investigated. Astrocyte conditioned medium (ACM) enhanced the survival of neurons and the proliferation of astrocytes in embryonic cortical cultures grown in serum-free defined medium. However, these results were not affected by acidic fibroblast growth(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are associated with insulin resistance (IR), increased circulating proinflammatory cytokines, and hypertriglyceridemia, the latter being caused by overproduction of hepatic very low density lipoprotein (VLDL). One cytokine strongly linked with development of hepatic IR is interleukin-6 (IL-6). Our objective was to evaluate IL-6(More)
Neural transplantation, a mode of cellular replacement, has been used as a therapeutic trial for Parkinson's disease. Studies indicate that tonic release of the metabolites from the graft that can be utilized by the host brain, is likely to be the major mechanism responsible for the therapeutic effect. The use of fetal tissue is complicated by ethical(More)
The heart of the adult moth Hyalophora cecropia requires extracellular calcium to maintain electrogenesis as well as tension development. In this study we ask whether the processes of autorhythmicity, driven electrogenesis and tension development require calcium specifically or whether the divalent cation Ba2+ can be substituted for calcium to support these(More)
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