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Heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) is a member of the vertebrate HSF family that regulates stress-inducible synthesis of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Although the synthesis of the constitutively expressed and inducible members of the heat shock family of stress proteins correlates with increased cellular protection, their relative contributions in(More)
Graves' disease (GD) is one of the most common human autoimmune diseases, and recent data estimated a prevalence of clinical hyperthyroidism of 0.25-1.09% in the population. Several reports have linked GD to the region 5q12-q33; and a locus between markers D5s436 and D5s434 was specifically linked to GD susceptibility in the Chinese population. In the(More)
In this study we have explored the interaction between CD44 (the hyaluronic acid (HA)-binding receptor) and Tiam1 (a guanine nucleotide exchange factor) in metastatic breast tumor cells (SP1 cell line). Immunoprecipitation and immunoblot analyses indicate that both the CD44v3 isoform and the Tiam1 protein are expressed in SP1 cells and that these two(More)
O-Fucose has been identified on epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats of Notch, and elongation of O-fucose has been implicated in the modulation of Notch signaling by Fringe. O-Fucose modifications are also predicted to occur on Notch ligands based on the presence of the C(2)XXGG(S/T)C(3) consensus site (where S/T is the modified amino acid) in a(More)
Fringe plays a key role in the specification of boundaries during development by modulating the ability of Notch ligands to activate Notch receptors. Fringe is a fucose-specific beta1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase that modifies O-fucose moieties on the epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats of Notch. To investigate how the change in sugar structure(More)
Although resveratrol-forming stilbene synthase (STS) genes have been well characterized in many plant species, there are only a few descriptions about STS genes from Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc, an important medicinal crop in Asian countries. To evaluate the biological functions of a Polygonum cuspidatum resveratrol synthase gene (PcRS), the PcRS(More)
Immuno-screening of an adult Aedes aegypti midgut cDNA expression library with anti-peritrophic matrix antibodies identified cDNAs encoding a novel peritrophic matrix protein, termed Ae. aegypti Adult Peritrophin 50 (Ae-Aper50), and the epithelial cell-surface membrane protein, AEG12. Both genes are expressed exclusively in the midguts of adult female(More)
O-Glucose is an unusual form of posttranslational modification consisting of glucose directly attached to protein through O-linkage. Several serum proteins (factor VII, factor IX, protein Z, and thrombospondin) contain this unique modification on their epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats. Comparison of the glycosylation sites on these proteins(More)
OBJECTIVES Serum samples from patients with chronic hepatitis C were subjected to metabolomics analysis to clarify the pretreatment characteristics of their metabolites and also changes in specific metabolites resulting from antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV). MATERIALS/METHODS The serum levels of low-molecular-weight(More)