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We investigated the role of astrocytes in activity-dependent modulation of inhibitory synaptic transmission in hippocampal slices. Repetitive firing of an interneuron decreased the probability of synaptic failures in spike-evoked inhibitory postsynaptic currents (unitary IPSCs) in CA1 pyramidal neurons. The GABAB-receptor antagonist CGP55845A abolished this(More)
A novel neuropeptide with 38 residues (PACAP38) was isolated from ovine hypothalamic tissues using the pituitary adenylate cyclase activation in rat pituitary cell cultures as a parameter of the biological activity (Miyata et al, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 164, 567-574, 1989). From the side fractions obtained during the purification of PACAP38, a(More)
Neurogenesis persists in the adult mammalian hippocampus. To identify and isolate neuronal progenitor cells of the adult human hippocampus, we transfected ventricular zone-free dissociates of surgically-excised dentate gyrus with DNA encoding humanized green fluorescent protein (hGFP), placed under the control of either the nestin enhancer (E/nestin) or the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperosmotic mannitol therapy is widely used in the clinical setting for acute and subacute reduction in brain edema, to decrease muscle damage in compartment syndrome, and to improve renal perfusion. Though beneficial rheological effects commonly are attributed to mannitol, its direct effects on endothelial cells are poorly(More)
1. Unitary inhibitory postsynaptic currents (uIPSCs) were recorded in synaptically coupled pairs of CA1 hippocampal interneurons and pyramidal neurons in rat brain slices by using dual patch-clamp techniques. Paired-pulse modulation of uIPSCs at individual GABAergic synapses was tested. 2. GABAergic synapses could be divided into two subgroups, high and low(More)
The cytoplasmic C-terminal portion of the polycystin-1 polypeptide (PKD1(1-226)) regulates several important cell signaling pathways, and its deletion suffices to cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. However, a functional link between PKD1 and the ion transport processes required to drive renal cyst enlargement has remained elusive. We report(More)
Monolayers of the human colonic epithelial cell line T84 exhibit electrogenic Cl- secretion in response to the Ca2+ agonist thapsigargin and to the cAMP agonist forskolin. To evaluate directly the regulation of apical Cl- conductance by these two agonists, we have utilized amphotericin B to permeabilize selectively the basolateral membranes of T84 cell(More)
There is accumulating evidence to implicate the importance of EphBs receptors and ephrinBs ligands were involved in modulation of spinal nociceptive information. However, the downstream mechanisms that control this process are not well understood. In the present study, we investigated whether phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), as the downstream(More)
Clotrimazole (CLT) prevents dehydration of the human HbSS red cell through inhibition of Ca++-dependent (Gardos) K+ channels in vitro (1993. J. Clin Invest. 92:520-526.) and in patients (1996. J. Clin Invest. 97:1227-1234.). Basolateral membrane K+ channels of intestinal crypt epithelial cells also participate in secretagogue-stimulated Cl- secretion. We(More)
Two forms of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptides with 38 (PACAP38) and 27 residues (PACAP27) respectively were recently isolated from ovine hypothalamic tissues. The N-terminal 28 amino acids sequence of PACAP was found to have 68% homology with porcine vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). In order to determine whether the primary structure(More)