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The goal of the current investigation was to probe the deficits in the alerting, orienting and executive components of visuospatial attention in individuals who have recently suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to assess the rate and degree of recovery for each of these components over a month post-injury. A group design was employed to assess(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of 3 different approaches to balance training on dual-task balance performance in older adults with balance impairment. DESIGN A double-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Older adults (N=23) with balance impairment (mean age, 74.8y). They scored 52 or less on the(More)
Research on attention and gait stability has suggested that the process of recovering gait stability requires attentional resources, but the effect of performing a secondary task on stability during obstacle avoidance is poorly understood. Using a dual-task paradigm, the present experiment investigated the extent to which young adults are able to respond to(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of three different balance training strategies in an effort to understand the mechanisms underlying training-related changes in dual-task balance performance of older adults with balance impairment. Elderly individuals with balance impairment, age 65 and older, were randomly assigned to one of three(More)
Surgical technique is an important factor affecting recovery of hip function after total hip arthroplasty (THA). We therefore asked whether short-term recovery of hip strength and motion would differ between the anterior and anterolateral THA approaches. We presumed that although both approaches would improve hip function by 16 weeks postsurgery when(More)
INTRODUCTION The need to identify functional impairment following a brain injury is critical to prevent reinjury during the period of recovery. However, little is known about the effect of concussion on dynamic motor function. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of concussion on a dynamic motor task under conditions of divided and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine how two different types of concurrent tasks affect gait stability in patients with concussion and how balance is maintained. Fourteen individuals suffering from a grade II concussion and 14 matched controls performed a single task of level walking and two types of concurrent tasks during level walking: a discrete(More)
Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), leads to a number of cognitive, attentional, and sensorimotor deficits that can last a surprisingly long time after the initial injury. We have previously shown that the ability to orient visuospatial attention is deficient in participants with mTBI within 2 days of their injury, but then recovers to normal(More)
Accidental falls are a leading cause of injury and death in the growing elderly population. Traumatic falls are frequent, costly, and debilitating. Control of balance during locomotion is critical for safe ambulation, but relatively little is known about the natural effect of aging on dynamic balance control. Samples of healthy young (n = 13) and elderly (n(More)
Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) complain of "imbalance" or "unsteadiness" while walking, despite a normal gait on clinical examination. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine if it was possible to quantitatively assess dynamic stability that did not have an obvious neuromuscular origin in individuals following TBI. Ten patients with(More)