Paul van Donkelaar25
Louis R Osternig16
Louis Osternig8
25Paul van Donkelaar
16Louis R Osternig
Learn More
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of 3 different approaches to balance training on dual-task balance performance in older adults with balance impairment. DESIGN A double-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Older adults (N=23) with balance impairment (mean age, 74.8y). They scored 52 or less on the(More)
The goal of the current investigation was to probe the deficits in the alerting, orienting and executive components of visuospatial attention in individuals who have recently suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to assess the rate and degree of recovery for each of these components over a month post-injury. A group design was employed to assess(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of three different balance training strategies in an effort to understand the mechanisms underlying training-related changes in dual-task balance performance of older adults with balance impairment. Elderly individuals with balance impairment, age 65 and older, were randomly assigned to one of three(More)
Research on attention and gait stability has suggested that the process of recovering gait stability requires attentional resources, but the effect of performing a secondary task on stability during obstacle avoidance is poorly understood. Using a dual-task paradigm, the present experiment investigated the extent to which young adults are able to respond to(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine how two different types of concurrent tasks affect gait stability in patients with concussion and how balance is maintained. Fourteen individuals suffering from a grade II concussion and 14 matched controls performed a single task of level walking and two types of concurrent tasks during level walking: a discrete(More)
INTRODUCTION The need to identify functional impairment following a brain injury is critical to prevent reinjury during the period of recovery. However, little is known about the effect of concussion on dynamic motor function. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of concussion on a dynamic motor task under conditions of divided and(More)
Gait patterns of the elderly are often adjusted to accommodate for reduced function in the balance control system and a general reduction in skeletal muscle strength. Recent studies have demonstrated that measures related to motion of whole body center of mass (COM) can distinguish elderly individuals with balance impairment from healthy peers. Accurate COM(More)
OBJECTIVE Neuropsychological testing has been advocated as an important tool of proper post-concussion management. Although these measures provide information that can be used in the decision of when to return an individual to previous levels of physical activity, they provide little data on motor performance following injury. The purpose of this(More)
Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) complain of "imbalance" or "unsteadiness" while walking, despite a normal gait on clinical examination. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine if it was possible to quantitatively assess dynamic stability that did not have an obvious neuromuscular origin in individuals following TBI. Ten patients with(More)
This study was performed to investigate whether elderly patients with imbalance can be distinguished from healthy elderly subjects by comparing their whole body center of mass (COM) motion in the medio-lateral (M-L) direction during obstacle crossing. Nine healthy elderly adults and six elderly patients having complaints of 'dizziness' or 'unsteadiness'(More)