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Chronic inflammation can augment tumor development in various types of cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). Reduction of inflammation is therefore an important anticancer therapeutic opportunity. Here, we report four anti-proliferative phytocompounds in Wedelia chinensis, an oriental herbal medicine, identified through their ability to modulate the(More)
Standardization and modernization of Chinese medicinal herbs are limited partially by misidentification of processed materials. Our goal was to develop an efficient method for verification of Chinese medicinal herbs, based on the variable sites of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. We analyzed sequence differences in ITS of three Bupleurum(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) is the main therapeutic target for treatment of metastatic prostate cancers (PCa). As recurrent tumors restore AR activity independent of hormones, new therapies that abolish AR activity have been sought to prevent or delay the emergence of ablation-resistant disease. Here, we report that a novel abietane diterpene,(More)
A simple and efficient micropropagation method was established for direct protocorm-like body (PLB) formation and plant regeneration from flower stalk internodes of a sympodial orchid, Epidendrum radicans. Small transparent tissues formed on surfaces and cut ends of flower stalk internodes on a modified half-strength Murashige and Skoog basal medium with or(More)
Previously, we found that the flood resistance of eggplant (Solanum melongena) and sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica) enhanced ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity under flooding, and consequently, both the SmAPX and LcAPX genes were cloned. In this study, the SmAPX and LcAPX genes were transferred under a ubiquitin promoter to Arabidopsis (At) via(More)
Titanate nanomaterials (TNs) were synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method using TiO2 (ST-01) and NaOH as the raw materials, and presented different morphologies by adjusting the reaction time. The physico-chemical properties of the as-prepared TNs, such as morphology, structure, surface area, and chemical composition were characterized by XRD, SEM and(More)
We identified eight diterpenes from Cryptomeria japonica (Taxodiaceae), which inhibit the activity of the androgen receptor (AR) in human prostate cancer (PCa) 22Rv1-derived 103E cells. The compounds 6,12-dihydroxyabieta-5,8,11,13-tetraen-7-one ( 2), sugiol ( 3), ferruginol ( 4), and 5-epixanthoperol ( 7) have near 100 % AR inhibition efficacy at(More)
Although mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) is commonly used as human food; the genomic resources of this species available in databases are limited. This study aims to develop expressed sequence tag (EST) resources for mungbean genes informative to early seedling development and chilling response. Two mungbean varieties that differ in disease resistance(More)
Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) is an economically important legume of high nutritional value, however, its cultivation is limited by susceptibility to chilling. Varieties NM94 and VC1973A, with differential susceptibility to stress, serve as good materials for uncovering how they differ in chilling tolerance. This study aimed to identify the(More)
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