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Little is known about mental health services utilization among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans receiving care at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities. Of 49,425 veterans with newly diagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), only 9.5% attended 9 or more VA mental health sessions in 15 weeks or less in the first year of diagnosis. In addition,(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and correlates of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and drug use disorder (DUD) diagnoses in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans who are new users of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare nationwide has not been evaluated. METHODS VA administrative data were used in retrospective cross-sectional descriptive and multivariable analyses(More)
Cryopreservation can be a safe and cost-effective tool for the long-term storage of plant germplasm. In Arabidopsis, the ability to recover from cryogenic treatment was lost as growth progressed. Growth could be restored in 48-h seedlings, whereas 72-h seedlings died after cryogenic treatment. Why seedling age and survival are negatively correlated is an(More)
An improved land–ocean global monthly precipitation anomaly reconstruction is developed for the period beginning in 1900. Reconstructions use the available historical data and statistics developed from the modern satellite-sampled period to analyze variations over the historical presatellite period. This paper documents the latest in a series of(More)
Ever since synovium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs) were first identified and successfully isolated in 2001, as a brand new member in MSC families, they have been increasingly regarded as a promising therapeutic cell species for musculoskeletal regeneration, particularly for reconstructions of cartilage, bones, tendons, and muscles. Besides the(More)
To the Editor: The photograph accompanying the book review by Dr Smitherman is captioned as showing Abraham Lincoln at Bull Run. However, I believe that the photograph does not show Lincoln. Not only does the man not look like Lincoln (head too big, neck too short, arms too short, stance atypical), but there is no record that Lincoln ever visited the Bull(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including military sexual trauma (MST), in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. We also compared mental health comorbidities by gender among veterans with PTSD, with and without MST. METHODS Retrospective data analyses were conducted using Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)(More)
In this study, genipin-cross-linked collagen/chitosan biodegradable porous scaffolds were prepared for articular cartilage regeneration. The influence of chitosan amount and genipin concentration on the scaffolds physicochemical properties was evaluated. The morphologies of the scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and(More)
Oxidative stress and apoptosis-like programmed cell death, induced in part by H 2 O 2 , are two key factors that damage cells during plant cryopreservation. Their inhibition can improve cell viability. We hypothesized that oxidative stress and apoptosis-like event induced by ROS seriously impact plant cell viability during cryopreservation. This study(More)
This Letter details the synthesis and evaluation of imidazo[4,5-b]pyridines as inhibitors of B-Raf kinase. These compounds bind in a DFG-in, αC-helix out conformation of B-Raf, which is a binding mode associated with significant kinase selectivity. Structure-activity relationship studies involved optimization of the ATP-cleft binding region of these(More)