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A questionnaire survey was carried out to determine the industrial requirements and expectations of reliability in power electronic converters. The survey was subjective and conducted with a number of high-profile semiconductor manufacturers, integrators, and users in the aerospace, automation, motor drive, utility power, and other industry sectors.(More)
This paper analyzes the ability of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) in a wind turbine to ride through a grid fault and the limitations to its performance. The fundamental difficulty for the DFIG in ride-through is the electromotive force (EMF) induced in the machine rotor during the fault, which depends on the dc and negative sequence components in(More)
The ability of certain cancer cells to maintain signaling via the phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt and/or Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways has been repeatedly involved in resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition. We investigated the potential mechanisms of the uncoupling of EGFR from its downstream signals in(More)
For the purpose of predicting the state of charge of Lithium-ion rechargeable battery accurately, we introduced the method of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to solve the problem. The experiment data of impedance spectroscopy is comprised of an inductive arc in the high-frequency region and two capacitive arcs in the low-frequency region, and by(More)
A modular power electronic converter, with a cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter, has been proposed as the grid interface for a large direct drive wind turbine generator. The present study is to investigate the potential and requirement of fault tolerant operation in such a system. As each module is connected to isolated generator coils, tolerance to a(More)
Modular generator and converter topologies are being pursued for large offshore wind turbines to achieve fault tolerance and high reliability. A centralized controller presents a single critical point of failure which has prevented a truly modular and fault tolerant system from being obtained. This study analyses the inverter circuit control requirements(More)
Condition monitoring is needed in power electronic systems as a cost-effective means of improving reliability. Packaging-related solder fatigue has been identified as one of the main root causes of power electronic module failures. This paper presents a method to monitor solder fatigue inside a module by identifying the increase of internal thermal(More)
Large variable-speed wind turbines with fully rated direct-in-line converters are increasingly used as silicon cost continues to decline. While grid codes require wind turbines to ride-through grid faults, including unbalanced faults, voltage source inverters interfaced to the grid are inherently sensitive to any unbalance in the ac voltage. This paper(More)
Novel 6-substituted-4-cycloalkyloxy-pyridin-2(1H)-ones were synthesized as non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), and their biological activity was evaluated. Most of the compounds, especially 26 and 22, bearing a 3-isopropyl and 3-iodine group, respectively, exhibited highly potent activity against wild-type HIV-1 strains and those(More)