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By using a potential-dependent J-aggregate-forming delocalized lipophilic cation, 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolocarbocyanine++ + iodide (JC-1), we find that membrane potentials across mitochondria in a living cell can be heterogeneous. Remarkably, even within a long contiguous mitochondrion, regional heterogeneity in membrane(More)
The interrelationships of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), microtubules, and intermediate filaments were studied in the peripheral regions of thin, spread fibroblasts, epithelial, and vascular endothelial cells in culture. We combined a fluorescent dye staining technique to localize the ER with immunofluorescence to localize microtubules or intermediate(More)
Certain fluorescent dyes, previously reported to localize mitochondria, when used at higher concentrations also localize a continuous net-like structure in both living and glutaraldehyde-fixed cells. A similar reticular structure can be detected by phase-contrast microscopy and whole-mount electron microscopy in potassium permanganate-fixed cells as well.(More)
Permeant cationic fluorescent probes are shown to be selectively accumulated by the mitochondria of living cells. Mitochondria-specific interaction of such molecules is apparently dependent on the high trans-membrane potential (inside negative) maintained by functional mitochondria. Dissipation of the mitochondrial trans-membrane and potential by ionophores(More)
The herpes simplex viral DNA-binding protein, ICP8, is targeted to two different locations in the cell nucleus as part of its maturation pathway. Prior to viral DNA synthesis ICP8 was found at discrete pre-replicative sites throughout the nucleus, where it exhibited a high salt-labile association with the nuclear matrix. During viral DNA replication ICP8(More)
Intercellular matrices secreted by chick embryo fibroblasts in culture were studied by scanning electron microscopy. Cell-cell contact is a prerequisite for the expression of such matrices. The smallest fiber detected by transmission electron microscopy is 5--10 nm in diameter. These matrix fibers tend to cluster to form bundles. Immunofluorescence and(More)
Several proteolytic enzymes have been studied with regard to their ability to induce DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in resting chick embryo fibroblasts. Of the enzymes examined, thrombin, bromelin, and trypsin exhibit potent mitogenic activity, elastase has significant but less marked activity, whereas thermolysin, papain, and alpha-protease are(More)