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The genome-wide identification of pairs of interacting proteins is an important step in the elucidation of cell regulatory mechanisms. Much of our present knowledge derives from high-throughput techniques such as the yeast two-hybrid assay and affinity purification, as well as from manual curation of experiments on individual systems. A variety of(More)
To investigate the effects of TNF-α blockage on levels of circulating Th17, Treg and their related cytokines in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with different response to anti-TNF-α therapy. The frequencies of circulating Th17 and Treg and serum levels of related cytokines were determined using flow cytometry analysis and ELISA, respectively, in 222 AS(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) can disperse stored energy as heat. Promoting BAT-like features in white adipose (WAT) is an attractive, if elusive, therapeutic approach to staunch the current obesity epidemic. Here we report that gain of function of the NAD-dependent deacetylase SirT1 or loss of function of its endogenous inhibitor Deleted in breast cancer-1(More)
Peptide hormone fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) has insulin-mimetic properties. Dutchak et al. now suggest that FGF21 also acts in an autocrine fashion in adipocytes and is required to mediate effects of the PPARγ agonist class of antidiabetic drugs. Does this new property improve FGF21's fledgling clinical prospects or endorse a clinical resuscitation(More)
OBJECTIVE Macrophage recruitment to adipose tissue is a reproducible feature of obesity. However, the events that result in chemokine production and macrophage recruitment to adipose tissue during states of energetic excess are not clear. Sirtuin 1 (SirT1) is an essential nutrient-sensing histone deacetylase, which is increased by caloric restriction and(More)
Increased hepatic lipid content is an early correlate of insulin resistance and can be caused by nutrient-induced activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor). This activation of mTor increases basal Akt activity, leading to a self-perpetuating lipogenic cycle. We have previously shown that the developmental Notch pathway has metabolic functions in(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue is the primary site for lipid deposition that protects the organisms in cases of nutrient excess during obesogenic diets. The histone deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) inhibits adipocyte differentiation by targeting the transcription factor peroxisome proliferator activated-receptor gamma (PPARγ). METHODS To assess the specific role(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among people with diabetes. Generation of oxidized LDLs and reduced nitric oxide (NO) availability because of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) dysfunction are critical events in atherosclerotic plaque formation. Biochemical mechanism leading from hyperglycemia to oxLDL formation(More)