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This study tested the hypothesis that a post-anthesis moderate soil drying can improve grain filling through regulating the key enzymes in the sucrose-to-starch pathway in the grains of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Two rice cultivars were field grown and two irrigation regimes, alternate wetting and moderate soil drying (WMD) and conventional irrigation (CI,(More)
Initial studies have identified TSP50 as a human testes-specific gene that is demethylated in breast cancer. In this study, we will present new data related to the TSP50 gene. We have found that the TSP50 gene product shares a similar enzymatic structure with many serine proteases. However, the most critical catalytic site, serine, has been replaced by(More)
The WTH3 gene's biological characteristics and relationship to multidrug resistance (MDR) were investigated further. Results showed that WTH3 was mainly located in the cytosol and capable of binding to GTP. In addition, WTH3's promoter function was significantly attenuated in MDR (MFC7/AdrR) relative to non-MDR (MCF7/WT) cells. Advanced analyses indicated(More)
Earlier studies suggested that TSP50 is a testis-specific gene that encodes a protein, which is homologous to serine proteases but differs in that threonine replaces serine in its catalytic triad. Most importantly, it was abnormally reactivated in many breast cancer biopsies tested. While further investigating its biochemical and cell biological natures, we(More)
Four known lanostane triterpenoids, schiprolactone A (1), schisanlactone B (2), nigranoic acid (3) and schisandronic acid (4) were isolated from the stems of Schisandra henryi for the first time. Their structures were characterized by IR, MS and NMR techniques. Compounds 1, 2 and 4 showed moderate cytotoxic activity against Leukemia cells in vitro.(More)
OBJECTIVES To present our recent observations obtained from the continuing characterization of the TSP50 gene pertaining to its evolutionary importance and behavior in human testicular germ cell tumors. Previous studies have reported that expression of the human TSP50 gene is testes specific. Its product is similar to many serine proteases but possesses its(More)
The WTH3 gene was obtained by a DNA fragment isolated by the methylation-sensitive representational difference analysis technique due to its hypermethylation in the human multidrug resistant (MDR) breast cancer cell line MCF7/AdrR. The WTH3 gene product is 89% and 91% identical to the human Rab6 and Rab6c proteins, but possesses an elongated C-terminal(More)
Mice carrying mutant amyloid-β precursor protein and presenilin-1 genes (APP/PS1 double transgenic mice) have frequently been used in studies of Alzheimer's disease; however, such studies have focused mainly on hippocampal and cortical changes. The severity of Alzheimer's disease is known to correlate with the amount of amyloid-β protein deposition and the(More)
Necroptosis has an important role in ischemia-reperfusion damage. The expression of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is upregulated in neurons following ischemia-reperfusion, however, whether HDAC6 is closely involved in the necroptosis, which occurs during ischemia-reperfusion damage remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the roles of HDAC6 in the(More)