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OBJECTIVES To examine possible associations between driving to work, physical activity and overweight and obesity. DESIGN Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a representative sample of the 2003 New South Wales Adult Health Survey, Australia. SUBJECTS A total of 6810 respondents aged 16 years or over. MEASUREMENTS Self-reported height and(More)
BACKGROUND Encouraging cycling is an important way to increase physical activity in the community. The Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project is a community-based cycling promotion program that included a range of community engagement and social marketing activities, such as organised bike rides and events, cycling skills courses, the distribution of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of a home based early intervention on children's body mass index (BMI) at age 2. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING The Healthy Beginnings Trial was conducted in socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia, during 2007-10. PARTICIPANTS 667 first time mothers and their infants. (More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that a proportion of children as young as two years are already overweight. This indicates that obesity prevention programs that commence as early as possible and are family-focused are needed. This Healthy Beginnings Trial aims to determine the efficacy of a community-based randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a home visiting(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of a program to increase walking to and from school. DESIGN A cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING 24 primary public schools in inner west Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS 1996 students aged 10-12 years and their parents. INTERVENTION A two-year multi-component program included classroom activities,(More)
Women are less likely than men to reach recommended levels of physical activity and have unequal access to active leisure time. Studies in Australia have consistently found that women are only half as likely as men to be adequately active. A community-based multi-strategic health promotion intervention, 'Concord, A Great Place to be Active', was implemented(More)
BACKGROUND In 2001, the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. The objectives of this study are to assess awareness of the WHO recommendation among first-time mothers (women at 24 to 34 weeks of pregnancy) and to explore the relationship between this awareness and mothers' intention to(More)
IMPORTANCE Little evidence exists on whether effects of an early obesity intervention are sustainable. OBJECTIVE To assess the sustainability of effects of a home-based early intervention on children's body mass index (BMI) and BMI z score at 3 years after intervention. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A longitudinal follow-up study of the randomized(More)
Promoting active transport is an increasingly important focus of recent health promotion initiatives addressing the major public health concerns of car dependence, decreased levels of physical activity and environmental health. Using active transport that relies less on the use of private cars and more on alternatives such as walking, cycling and public(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterise risk factors for the acquisition of genital warts and specifically to determine whether condoms confer protection from infection. METHODS A retrospective case-control study comparing demographic, behavioural, and sexual factors in men and women with and without newly diagnosed genital warts, who attended Sydney Sexual Health(More)