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Field emission of electrons from individually mounted carbon nanotubes has been found to be dramatically enhanced when the nanotube tips are opened by laser evaporation or oxidative etching. Emission currents of 0.1 to 1 microampere were readily obtained at room temperature with bias voltages of less than 80 volts. The emitting structures are concluded to(More)
In rodents, the whisker representation in primary somatosensory (SI) cortex projects to the dorsolateral neostriatum, but the location of these projections has never been characterized with respect to layer IV barrels and their intervening septa. To address this issue, we injected a retrograde tracer into the dorsolateral neostriatum and then reconstructed(More)
A new cyclopeptide, grifficyclocin A (1), and a new aporphine alkaloid, griffinin (2) were isolated together with two known styryllactones from the stems of Goniothalamus griffithii. Their structures were identified spectroscopically and chemically. Among them, the griffinin (2) was isolated as the enol form in two tautomers, and the two known(More)
Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II) has been shown to be involved in the regulation of opioid receptor signaling. The present study showed that acute morphine treatment significantly increased both Ca2+/calmodulin-independent and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent activities of CaMK II in the rat hippocampus, with little alteration in the(More)
Nongenomic mechanisms of corticosterone (B) inhibition of nicotine (Nic)-induced calcium influx were investigated in PC12 cells. Corticosterone could rapidly inhibit the Ca2+ influx induced by Nic, and BSA-conjugated B had a similar inhibitory effect. The inhibition of Nic-induced Ca2+ influx by B could be mimicked by protein kinase C (PKC) activator(More)
Modulation of protein kinase C (PKC) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activities by delta-opioid receptor specific agonist [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]-enkephalin (DPDPE) was investigated in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG 108-15 cells. DPDPE activated PKC in a dose-dependent manner, with the maximal response at 5 min. The DPDPE-stimulated PKC activation could(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of intrahepatic vessels is very useful in visualizing the complex anatomy of hepatic veins and intrahepatic portal vein. It also provides a 3D anatomic basis for diagnostic imaging and surgical operation on the liver. In the present study, we built a 3D digitized model of hepatic veins and intrahepatic portal vein based(More)
To provide practical anatomic data for the imaging diagnosis and surgical treatment of adrenal disease, we investigated the anatomy of the adrenal gland and its relationships to regional structures using 31 sets of serial coronal sections of upper abdomen of Chinese adult cadavers and correlated coronal magnetic resonance (MR) images of ten upper abdomens(More)
The effect of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) on protein kinase C (PKC) was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing opioid receptor-like (ORL1) receptor (CHO-ORL1 cells). N/OFQ significantly activated PKC in CHO-ORL1 cells with EC50 of 0.2 nM. This response was blocked by PKC inhibitors chelerythrine and Gö 6976, and by pretreatment of(More)
The effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on opioid receptor-mediated G protein activation were explored in neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid (NG108-15) cells. Treatment of the cells with NMDA resulted in a remarkable attenuation of [35S]guanosine-5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate binding stimulated by [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]-enkephalin (DPDPE), a delta-opioid receptor(More)