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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The prevalence of constipation after stroke varies from 30% to 60%. The incidence of new-onset constipation during the early stage of stroke remains uncertain. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of new-onset constipation, its risk factors, and its impact on stroke outcome in patients with their first stroke(More)
We investigate whether Nogo-A is involved in the secondary axonal degeneration in the thalamus after distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in stroke-prone renovascular hypertensive rats (RHRSP). The expression of Nogo-A in ipsilateral ventroposterior nucleus (VPN) of the thalamus in RHRSP was observed at 1, 2 and 4 weeks after distal MCAO. In(More)
We report the results of a review of the Chinese- and English-language literatures on service delivery in China, asking how well China's health-care providers perform and what determines their performance. Although data and methodological limitations suggest caution in drawing conclusions, a critical reading of the available evidence suggests that current(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrovascular complications are severe events following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). This study aimed to observe the clinical and neuroimaging features and possible risk factors of in-hospital cerebrovascular complications in the patients who underwent OLT. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 337 consecutive patients(More)
Kallikrein, a serine proteinase, has been identified as an angiogenic growth factor recently. We investigated whether delayed treatment with exogenous kallikrein enhances neurogenesis and angiogenesis after focal cortical infarction in stroke-prone renovascular hypertensive rats. Human tissue kallikrein (1.6 x 10(-2) PNAU/kg) or vehicle was given through a(More)
BACKGROUND Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been successfully scaled up nationally in China. However, the program faces problems of poor attendance and high rates of continued drug use. We assessed whether a contingency management (CM) intervention implemented by MMT clinic staff could improve treatment attendance and drug abstinence. METHODS(More)
Endostatin (ES) has been recognized as a potent anti-angiogenic factor. We here investigated the expression of ES in ischemic brain and the consequence of cells expressing ES after stroke in adult stroke-prone renovascular hypertensive rats. A single dose of Ca-074ME, a membrane-permeable cathepsin B (CB) specific inhibitor, or vehicle was given by(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this paper are: (1) to estimate the transition probabilities among self-rated health status for the oldest Chinese aged 80 and above; (2) to project the future need of long-term care due to changes in demography and health status among the oldest Chinese. METHODS Self-rated health data collected in Chinese Longitudinal Healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the use of a series of preventive measures, a high incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was observed among health care workers (HCWs) during the SARS epidemic. This study aimed to determine which preventive measures may have been effective in protecting HCWs from infection, and which were not effective. METHODS A(More)
To study the differences in functional brain networks between eyes-closed (EC) and eyes-open (EO) at resting state, electroencephalographic (EEG) activity was recorded in 21 normal adults during EC and EO states. The synchronization likelihood (SL) was applied to measure correlations between all pairwise EEG channels, and then the SL matrices were converted(More)