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It is significant to investigate the depth-dependent mechanical behaviors of articular cartilage under rolling load since considerable rolling occurs for cartilage joint in activities of daily living. In this study, the rolling experiments of articular cartilage were conducted by applying an optimized digital image correlation (DIC) technique for the first(More)
An optimized digital image correlation (DIC) technique was applied to investigate the depth-dependent mechanical properties of articular cartilage and simultaneously the depth-dependent nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive model of cartilage was proposed and validated. The creep tests were performed with different stress levels and it is found that the(More)
The ratcheting deformation of articular cartilage can produce due to the repeated accumulations of compressive strain in cartilage. The aim of this study was to investigate the ratcheting behavior of articular cartilage under cyclic compression. A series of uniaxial cyclic compression tests were conducted for online soaked and unsoaked cartilage samples and(More)
The ratcheting deformation of articular cartilage can be produced due to the repeated accumulations of compressive strain . The aim of this study was to investigate the ratcheting behavior of articular cartilage under cyclic compression. A series of cyclic compressive tests with different stress amplitudes and stress rates were conducted for pig knee(More)
One of the major functions of bone is to provide structural support. So it is important to study its mechanical behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the ratcheting behaviors of trabecular bone under cyclic compression and the effect of marrow on the ratcheting strain of trabecular bone. So a series of tests were conducted for the rectangular(More)
The unconfined compression and tension experiments of the intervertebral disc were conducted by applying an optimized digital image correlation technique, and the internal strain distribution was analysed for the disc. It was found that the axial strain values of different positions increased obviously with the increase in loads, while inner annulus(More)
Objective: The normal displacement, pore pressure and strain of different layers for articular cartilage were obtained with different compressive strains and rolling rates by finite element simulation method. Methods: The fibril reinforced poroelastic model of cartilage was built by considering depth-dependent elastic modulus, initial void ratio,(More)
The quasi-static and ratcheting properties of trabecular bone were investigated by experiments and theoretical predictions. The creep tests with different stress levels were completed and it is found that both the creep strain and creep compliance increase rapidly at first and then increase slowly as the creep time goes by. With increase of compressive(More)
Considerable effort has been made to generate regular porous structures (RPSs) using function-based methods, although little effort has been made for constructing stochastic porous structures (SPSs) using the same methods. In this short communication, we propose a straightforward method for SPS construction that is simple in terms of methodology and the(More)