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The growth factor progranulin (PGRN) has been implicated in embryonic development, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, and inflammation, but its receptors remain unidentified. We report that PGRN bound directly to tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs) and disturbed the TNFα-TNFR interaction. PGRN-deficient mice were susceptible to collagen-induced arthritis,(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an essential regulatory role in the survival and differentiation of various neural cell types during brain development and after injury. In this study, we used neural stem cells (NSCs) genetically modified to encode BDNF gene (BDNF/NSCs) and naive NSCs transplantation and found that BDNF/NSCs significantly(More)
PURPOSE Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness. The ultimate cause of vision loss in glaucoma is thought to be retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death. Neuroprotection of RGC is therefore an important goal of glaucoma therapy. Several lines of evidence suggest that pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) is a potent anti-angiogenic, neuroprotective,(More)
Immune homeostasis is essential for the normal functioning of the immune system, and its breakdown leads to fatal inflammatory diseases. We report here the identification of a member of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced protein-8 (TNFAIP8) family, designated TIPE2, that is required for maintaining immune homeostasis. TIPE2 is preferentially expressed(More)
Neurological soft signs (NSS) - i.e. discrete deficits of sensory and motor function - are frequently found in schizophrenia and vary with psychopathological symptoms in the course of the disorder. Hence, persistence of NSS herald chronicity in first episode schizophrenia. To investigate the cerebral correlates of persisting NSS over time, 20 patients with(More)
Although autobiographical memory (AM) deficits and hippocampal changes are frequently found in schizophrenia, their actual association remained yet to be established. AM performance and hippocampal volume were examined in 33 older, chronic schizophrenic patients and 21 healthy volunteers matched for age, gender and education. Psychopathological symptoms and(More)
In this study, the homozygous tubby (tub/tub) mutant mouse, with an early progressive hearing loss and photoreceptor degeneration, was used as a model system to examine the effects of systemic administration of a naturally occurring isothiocyanate, sulforaphane (SF), on photoreceptor degeneration. Several novel observations have been made: (i) the mRNA and(More)
Grey matter volume and cortical thickness are the two most widely used measures for detecting grey matter morphometric changes in various diseases such as schizophrenia. However, these two measures only share partial overlapping regions in identifying morphometric changes. Few studies have investigated the contributions of the potential factors to the(More)
Cerium oxide nanoparticles, nanoceria, are inorganic antioxidants that have catalytic activities which mimic those of the neuroprotective enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase. We have previously shown that nanoceria preserve retinal morphology and prevent loss of retinal function in a rat light damage model. In this study, the homozygous tubby mutant(More)
Photoreceptor cell death is an irreversible, pathologic event in many blinding retinal diseases including retinitis pigmentosa, age-related macular disease, and retinal detachment. Light exposure can exacerbate a variety of human retinal diseases by increasing the rate of photoreceptor cell death. In the present study, we characterize the kinetics of(More)