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Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells that can self-renew or differentiate into many cell types. A unique network of transcription factors and signalling molecules are essential for maintaining this capability. Here, we report that a spalt family member, Sall4, is required for the pluripotency of ES cells. Similarly to Oct4, a reduction in Sall4(More)
BACKGROUND SALL4 is a member of the SALL gene family that encodes a group of putative developmental transcription factors. Murine Sall4 plays a critical role in maintaining embryonic stem cell (ES cell) pluripotency and self-renewal. We have shown that Sall4 activates Oct4 and is a master regulator in murine ES cells. Other SALL gene members, especially(More)
SALL1 is a member of the SAL gene family that encodes a group of putative developmental transcription factors. SALL1 plays a critical role during kidney development as mutations of the human SALL1 gene cause Townes-Brocks syndrome, which is associated with kidney malformation. Deletion of the mouse Sall1 gene results in renal agenesis or severe dysgenesis.(More)
Bmi-1 and SALL4 are putative oncogenes that modulate stem cell pluripotency and play a role in leukemogenesis. Murine Sall4 also has been shown to play an essential role in maintaining the properties of ES cells and governing the fate of the primitive inner cell mass. Here, we demonstrate that transcription from the Bmi-1 promoter is strikingly activated by(More)
SALL4, a human homolog to Drosophila spalt, is a novel zinc finger transcriptional factor essential for development. We cloned SALL4 and its isoforms (SALL4A and SALL4B). Through immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we demonstrated that SALL4 was constitutively expressed in human primary acute myeloid(More)
Bone marrow (BM) contains hematopoi-etic stem cells (HSCs), which differentiate into every type of mature blood cell; endo-thelial cell progenitors; and marrow stro-mal cells, also called mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which can differentiate into mature cells of multiple mesenchymal tissues including fat, bone, and cartilage. Recent findings indicate that(More)
Our previous work shows that the stem cell factor SALL4 plays a central role in embryonic and leukemic stem cells. In this study, we report that SALL4 expression was higher in drug resistant primary acute myeloid leukemic patients than those from drug-responsive cases. In addition, while overexpression of SALL4 led to drug resistance in cell lines, cells(More)
Embryonic stem cells have potential utility in regenerative medicine because of their pluripotent characteristics. Sall4, a zinc-finger transcription factor, is expressed very early in embryonic development with Oct4 and Nanog, two well-characterized pluripotency regulators. Sall4 plays an important role in governing the fate of stem cells through(More)
Increasing studies suggest that SALL4 may play vital roles in leukemogenesis and stem cell phenotypes. We have mapped the global gene targets of SALL4 using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by microarray hybridization and identified more than 2000 high-confidence, SALL4-binding genes in the human acute promyelocytic leukemic cell line, NB4. Analysis(More)
BACKGROUND The embryonic stem cell (ESC) factor, SALL4, plays an essential role in both development and leukemogenesis. It is a unique gene that is involved in self-renewal in ESC and leukemic stem cell (LSC). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To understand the mechanism(s) of SALL4 function(s), we sought to identify SALL4-associated proteins by tandem mass(More)